Historical Interpretations of the 20th Century
Programme group leader: Prof. Dr. Oto Luthar (ZRC SAZU)
Members of the programme group at UNG: Prof. Dr. Katja Mihurko Poniž, Assoc. Prof. Dr. Ana Toroš
h3. COST Akcija Distant Reading for the European Literary History
The research departs from the acknowledging the necessity of (self)reflection in research practices, discourses and the production of knowledge in the field of the humanities and particular the theory of historiography and memory studies. The team will focus on defining basic concepts (collective memory, plurality of historical interpretation, revisionism), as well as on the linguistic protocols and mobilisation of collective memory for social and/or political action. It will focus on the relationship between historiography and other discourses about the past. To do so, the team will investigate the following axiological aspects of the relationship: 1) Historiography and the “affective turn”: we will focus on the tensions and ambiguities that emerge from the entanglement of different historiographical interpretations on the one hand, and the experiential memory and affective investments into the past, on the other. In particular, the research is interested in epistemological, moral and political consequences of these tensions, and will rest on the long tradition of consideration of the ambiguous relationship between history and “life”. 2) Politics of memory (revisionism, influence of popular culture, influence of institutions on popular interpretations of history, etc.): we will investigate, in comparative perspective, the changes in memorial landscape in Central and Southeastern Europe and thoroughly investigate the extents of (re)appropriation and negotiation of memory on different social planes as well as at the interstices of the local and global, the European and national. 3) Space, memory and history: spatial contextualisations and materialisations of the past will facilitate a productive framework to investigate the complex relationship between affect, memory and institutionalised narratives about the past. 4) Memory, history and digital media: here we will focus on the changes in understanding of “being in time” in the era of instant connectivity, within the framework of affective relationship to technology and the past. We will highlight social and epistemological consequences of understanding the past, the present and the turn after the “connective turn” and in the culture of the past.
The research group will geographically focus on Slovenia and the neighbouring countries, particularly the region of the former Yugoslavia. It will compare findings with developments in the countries of the post-socialist east. Temporally and in terms of content, the programme will predominantly focus on the Second World War and the (socialist) Yugoslavia. Twenty-five years after the end of Yugoslavia and socialism, it is possible to engage in an extensive (re)interpretation of the events, reconstruction of social and (engaged) art practices and systematic analysis of political ideas and their ideological redefinitions. We are convinced that the processes of changing memory demand an interdisciplinary approach as they cannot be understood solely through the narrow perspectives of history and historiography.
COST Action Distant Reading for the European Literary History
Action member UNG: Prof. Dr. Katja Mihurko Poniž
This Action’s challenge is to create a vibrant and diverse network of researchers jointly developing the resources and methods necessary to change the way European literary history is written. Grounded in the Distant Reading paradigm (i.e. using computational methods of analysis for large collections of literary texts), the Action will create a shared theoretical and practical framework to enable innovative, sophisticated, data-driven, computational methods of literary text analysis across at least 10 European languages. Fostering insight into cross-national, large-scale patterns and evolutions across European literary traditions, the Action will facilitate the creation of a broader, more inclusive and better-grounded account of European literary history and cultural identity. To accomplish this, the Action will:
- build a multilingual European Literary Text Collection (ELTeC), ultimately containing around 2,500 full-text novels in at least 10 different languages, permitting to test methods and compare results across national traditions;
- establish and share best practices and develop innovative computational methods of text analysis adapted to Europe’s multilingual literary traditions;
- consider the consequences of such resources and methods for rethinking fundamental concepts in literary theory and history.
The Action will contribute to the development and distribution of methods, competencies, data, best practices, standards and tools relevant to Distant Reading research. This will not only affect the way scholars in the Humanities do research, but also the way institutions like libraries will make their holdings available to researchers in the future. The Action will foster distributed research, the systematic exchange of expertise, and the visibility of all participants, activities and resources.
DARIAH group Women Writers in History
Chairs: Prof. dr. Amelia Sanz, Prof. Dr. Marie Nedregotten Sorbo, Prof. Dr. Katja Mihurko Poniž
The tasks of the DARIAH Working Group Women Writers are as follows:
- reinforcement and enlargement of a network created over the last decade thanks to NWO, COST and HERA;
- further development of a VRE allowing large-scale research in women’s literary history;
- encouragement of new research initiatives in this field, both individual and collaborative, focusing upon women’s authorship and reception;
- reflections upon use and interpretation of the data provided by as yet unexplored sources;
- service for – academic and other – teaching, and encourage students to use the online VRE as “their” tool;
- preparation of initiatives for crowdsourcing and citizen’s participation in the field of women’s literary history;
- maintenance of contact with members of other institutions in women’s cultural heritage and relevant networks such as WINE (Women’s Information Network of Europe).
Slovenian group is one of the organized of a conference Teaching Women Writers: exploring NEWW VRE possibilities (Ljubljana, November 16, 2017)
COST Action European Network for Environmental Citizenship (ENEC)
Action member UNG: Assist. Prof. Dr. Željko Oset
European Network for Environmental Citizenship (ENEC) aims to improve understanding and assessment of environmental citizenship in European societies and participating countries. Environmental Citizenship is a key factor in EU’s growth strategy (Europe 2020) and its vision for Sustainable Development, Green and Cycle economy and Low-carbon society (EU-roadmap 2050). The Integrated Network of the Action will diminish the barriers between human, economic, social, political and environmental sciences multiplying the knowledge, expertise, research and insights of different stakeholders (researchers, scholars, teachers, practitioners, policy officials, NGOs, etc.) related in Environmental Citizenship. The different macro- and micro- level dimensions of formal and non-formal education that could lead to Environmental Citizenship will be focused. By developing National, European and International collaborations ENEC will enhance the scientific knowledge and attention to Environmental Citizenship. Expected deliverables include: a) the creation of a web-site, b) a repository database of scientific measures and evidence based interventions that target Environmental Citizenship, c) the facilitation of scientific training schools, short term scientific missions, conferences and d) the dissemination of collaborative working papers, scientific reports, proceedings, academic publications, policy and recommendation papers and an edited book on Environmental Citizenship. The Action will conceptualize and frame the Environmental Citizenship and will develop new research paradigms and metrics for assessing the Environmental Citizenship. Good examples and best educational practices leading to pro-environmental attitudes, behaviour and values will be highlighted and promoted. Policy measures and recommendations will be proposed. The Action will serve as a vehicle to defragment the knowledge and expertise in Environmental Citizenship.
Slovenian Writers and Imperial Censorship in the Long Nineteenth Century Project leader: assoc. prof. dr. Marijan Dović (ZRC SAZU) Project team member UNG: prof. dr. Katja Mihurko Poniž
The three-year research project ARRS J6-2583 (1st September 2020–30th August 2023) aims to examine an under-researched topic that has yet to receive systematic scholarly attention. Instead of partial descriptions, this project offers an insight into the concealed yet constitutive nature of censorship practices by carrying out the first systematic survey of the period, which includes new primary sources, and framing the various detailed case studies with a new conceptualization of the modern institution of censorship. Rather than continue to apply the term “censorship” to highly heterogeneous practices, the project proposes a more unified concept of censorship, which then allows for insight into actual relatively specific areas of its legal regulation and implementation. In the literature of the period, these areas are 1) periodicals, 2) book publishing, and 3) theater.
The spatial scope is limited to the Slovenian lands within the Habsburg monarchy (especially Carniola, but also Carinthia and Styria); this Slovenian situation is then broadened by the imperial context and the context of neighboring literary cultures (German, Czech, Croatian, Hungarian). The temporal scope is the “long nineteenth century,” the period between 1789–1914, which the revolutionary year of 1848 divides almost symmetrically into two phases: the phase dominated by preventive (or pre-publication) censorship, and the phase determined mostly by retroactive (or post-publication) censorship.
The project aims to utilize the panoramic view of the “longue durée,” whose long temporal scope itself also encourages theoretical and methodological reflection. The focus is on censorship in the narrow sense of institutionalized forms of control over the circulation of texts, the essential dimension of which is the capacity to sanction (implemented by the repressive apparatus of the state). This provides a firm vantage point for investigations into less institutionalized restrictions, such as self-censorship, indirect sanctions, market forces, discrimination against sexual and other minorities, and other forms of censorship in the broader sense.
The project comprises both general (synthetic) investigations and a set of carefully selected case studies covering the entire period, all literary media and genres, and all key problem areas of the proposed project. The focus is on the implementation of censorship practices; their impact on Slovenian books, newspapers, and theater; their role in the development of the Slovenian national movement; the recorded strategies for evading censorship; the changes in censorship’s social functions; and the impact of “gender censorship,” which remains an unexplored area of Slovenian literary history.