The Battle of Frigidus (394) and the Fall of the Roman Empire

Dr. Matthew Bennett

Royal Military Academy Sandhurst, Department of Communication and Applied Behavioural Science


Explanations for the Fall of the Roman Empire are numerous and much debated. The battle of the Cold River exemplifies many of the factors that led its collapse in the West. The battle is seen as the triumph of Christianity over paganism, but the divided empire did not long survive Theodosius’ victory. The reasons were structural and strategic, but also tactical and meteorological.