Graduate School

History of karst theories (morphology)

This course is part of the programme:
Karstology (Third Level)

Objectives and competences

Object history of theories of karst (karst morphology) is a kind of continuation and deepening of the object history karstology. It is primarily intended for students who would be the doctoral selected more historical theme or students who would have turned to the geomorphology of the more theoretical point of view and should be familiar with the development of theories that explain the emergence and development of the karst surface – karst geomorphology. Students must master theories and explanations of the origin and evolution of the karst surface and karst surface features, compare them with older and be able to follow the development of the theory of karst površjuoziroma individual karst surface forms. It is also closely related to onomastics surface karst forms.



Content (Syllabus outline)

  • Knowledge and perception of the karst surface and its peculiarities and characteristics in different historical periods, from antiquity to the Enlightenment
  • The first theory on the evolution of the karst surface and karst surface forms
  • B. Hacquet and its significance for geomorphology Karst
  • The importance of research Dinaric karst geomorphology of karst
  • Integration of knowledge from different types of karst in the world of karst geomorphological theory

Intended learning outcomes

Knowledge of older works (from antiquity to the Middle Ages) on the karst surface and the perception of its features in the works of predecessors karstology (from the wall over the Valvasor to Hacquet) awareness and knowledge on karst geomorphology of the fundamental parts of 18 and 19 chair. Students are familiar with research Dinaric karst, which contributed substantially to the understanding of karst geomorphology, as well as contemporary perspectives and methods in the study of the karst surface in different types of karst or geographically very different karst territories.


  • Herak, M. & V. T. Stringfield, eds, 1972: Karst, Important karst regions of the Northern Hemisphere, Elsevier 25–83.
  • Kraus, F., 1894: Höhlenkunde.- Carl Gerold’s Sohn, 308 pp. Wien
  • Kyrle, G., 1923: Grundriss der teoretischen Speläologie. –Speläol. Monographien, B. I, str. XVIII + 353, Wien.
  • Penck, A., 1904: Über das Karstphänomen.- Vorträge des Vereines Verbreitung naturwiss. Kentnisse in Wien, 44/1, 1-38, Wien.
  • Sweeting, Marjorie M. (edit.), 1981: Karst geomorphology.- Benchmark Papers in Geology, 59, 427 pp., Hutchinson Ross Publ. Comp., Stroudsburg, Pennsylvania.
  • Trimmel, Hubert, 1968: Höhlenkunde.- Die Wissenschaft, Friedr. Vieweg & Sohn, 126, VIII + 300, Braunschweig.


Oral or written examination is intended to control the knowledge attained by a student through a lecture as well as his capacity od understanding. A student can apply for the examination if requiring 50 % presence at seminars and after making short written report (5-10 pages) on a narrow question of the basis of karstology or on a source touching his seminar or doctoral work.

Lecturer's references

Full Professor Emeritus of Karstology.


University course code: 3KR015

Year of study: 2

Semester: 1

Course principal:




  • Lectures: 50 hours
  • Exercises: 10 hours
  • Seminar: 30 hours
  • Individual work: 90 hours

Course type: elective

Languages: slovene, english

Learning and teaching methods:
• lectures • written seminar work • individual work upon a specific question • detailed knowledge of a part of student's doctoral thesis, according to its content