Technical Physics in Viticulture and Winemaking
This course is part of the programme:
Bachelor's programme in Viticulture and Enology (1st level)
Objectives and competences
Students learn the fundamentals of classical physics in the fields of mechanics, thermodynamics, waves and optics. They acquire understanding of fundamental conservation laws (energy, momentum, ...) on practical examples, and get familiar with physical working methods and basic mathematical techniques for a quantitative interpretation of physical properties of the phenomena in nature and for solution of simple physical problems.
Knowledge of mathematics at highschool education level.
Content (Syllabus outline)
- Physical quantities : units and standards , measurement errors of physical quantities.
- Dynamics: Newton’s laws of motion , translation and rotation, work and power , kinetic and potential energy, law of conservation of energy and the law of conservation of momentum and angular momentum, swings .
- Elasticity: a rigid body in balance , center of gravity, elastic properties of solids and strain , Hooke’s law.
- Fluid Mechanics : hydrostatic pressure , density, compressibility, Pascal’s principle , buoyancy , mass and volume flow , continuity equation, surface tension, osmotic pressure , laminar and turbulent flow , work pressure, Bernoulijeva equatio, viscosity, linear and square law of resistance, streaming fluid within the pipe.
- Thermodynamics: temperature, Celsius and Kelvin scale, thermal expansion of solids and liquids, gas equation, work, internal energy, heat, first law of thermodynamics , calorimetry, heat the material by convection and radiation heating and cooling system, thermodynamic changes in the ideal gas, the second law of thermodynamics, heat and cooling machine. heat pump efficiency .
- Waves: longitudinal and transversal waves, sound, light, direction of propagation, wave front, wave diffraction on obstacles , sine wave, wavelength, frequency, wave speed, phase, spectrum of sound and light , interference, standing wave, absorption and transmission wave, deceleration wave intensity with distance from a point of origin, reflection and refraction, refractive index, polarization of light .
- Optical devices : flat and spherical curved mirrors , thin lenses, magnifying lens , camera, projector, binoculars , microscope photometer , polarizers , color filters , spectrum analyzers , optical fibers .
Tutorial are closy connected with lectures content. Students in the tutorial become familiar with basic computational techniques in physical problems and are able of critical and independent evaluation of physical phenomena
Intended learning outcomes
Knowledge in physics, needed for qualitative and quatitative evaluation of physical problems.
Obtained knowledge will help to understand the more technologicaly oriented courses.
Kladnik, R. Fizika (I, II, III).
Halliday, D.; Resnick, R. 1994. Fundamentals of Physics. John Willey & Sons, N.Y.
Kladnik, R.; Šolinc, H. Zbirka fizikalnih problemov z rešitvami (1. in 2. del).
Colloquium from tutorial and oral exam (25 %/75 %)
Assistant professor for the field of Physics, she is the member of Laboratory for environmental research.
KORTE KOBYLINSKA, Dorota, FRANKO, Mladen. Photothermal deflection experiments : comparison of existing theoretical models and their applications to characterization of TiO[sub]2-based thin films. International journal of thermophysics, ISSN 0195-928X, 2014, str. 1-11, doi: 10.1007/s10765-014-1568-6. [COBISS.SI-ID 3255803]
2. BARRECA, Davide, CARRARO, Giorgio, GASPAROTTO, Alberto, MACCATO, Chiara, ROSSI, Francesca, SALVIATI, Giancarlo, TALLARIDA, Massimo, DAS, Chittaranjan, FRESNO, Fernando, KORTE KOBYLINSKA, Dorota, LAVRENČIČ ŠTANGAR, Urška, FRANKO, Mladen, SCHMEISSER, Dieter. Surface functionalization of nanostructured Fe [sub] 2 O [sub] 3 polymorphs : from design to light-activated applications. ACS applied materials & interfaces, ISSN 1944-8244. [Print ed.], 2013, vol. 5, no. 15, str. 7130-7138, doi: 10.1021/am401475g. [COBISS.SI-ID 2875387]
3. KORTE KOBYLINSKA, Dorota, PAVLICA, Egon, BRATINA, Gvido, FRANKO, Mladen. Characterization of pure and modified TiO [sub] 2 layer on glass and aluminum support by beam deflection spectrometry. International journal of thermophysics, ISSN 0195-928X, 11 str., doi: 10.1007/s10765-013-1538-4. [COBISS.SI-ID 2979067]
4. LIU, Mingqiang, KORTE KOBYLINSKA, Dorota, FRANKO, Mladen. Theoretical description of thermal lens spectrometry in micro space. Journal of applied physics, ISSN 0021-8979, 2012, vol. 111, no. 3, str. 033109-1-033109-12. [COBISS.SI-ID 2156283]
5. KORTE KOBYLINSKA, Dorota, BRUZZONITI, Maria Concetta, SARZANINI, Corrado, FRANKO, Mladen. Influence of foreign ions on determination of ionic Ag in water by formation of nanoparticles in a FIA-TLS system. V: First International Conference IC-ANMBES 2010, Brasov, Romania, 18. – 20. 6. 2010, (Analytical letters, ISSN 0003-2719, vol. 44, no. 18). New York: M. Dekker, 2011, vol. 44, no. 18, str. 2901-2910. [COBISS.SI-ID 2054651]
tipologija 1.08 -> 1.01
6. KORTE KOBYLINSKA, Dorota, BRUZZONITI, Maria Concetta, SARZANINI, Corrado, FRANKO, Mladen. Thermal lens spectrometric determination of colloidal and ionic silver in water. V: Selected papers presented at the 15th Workshop on Photoacoustics and Thermal Wave Methods and the 6th Workshop on Molecular Acoustics, Relaxation and Calorimetric Methods, (International journal of thermophysics, ISSN 0195-928X, vol. 32, no. 4). Dordrecht: Springer, 2011, vol. 32, no. 4, str. 818-827, doi: 10.1007/s10765-010-0856-z. [COBISS.SI-ID 1635323]
tipologija 1.08 -> 1.01
7. BRUZZONITI, Maria Concetta, KORTE KOBYLINSKA, Dorota, FRANKO, Mladen, SARZANINI, Corrado. Flow injection method for the determination of silver concentration in drinking water for spacecrafts. Analytica chimica acta, ISSN 0003-2670. [Print ed.], 2010, vol. 665, str. 69-73. [COBISS.SI-ID 1456123]
8. KAŹMIERCZAK-BALATA, Anna, BODZENTA, Jerzy, KORTE KOBYLINSKA, Dorota, MAZUR, Jacek, GOŁASZEWSKA, Krystyna, KAMIŃSKA, Eliana, PIOTROWSKA, Anna. Determination of thermal conductivity of thin layers used as transparent contacts and antireflection coatings with a photothermal method. Applied optics, ISSN 0003-6935, 2009, vol. 48, no. 7, str. C74-C80. [COBISS.SI-ID 1238523]
University course code: 1VV105
Year of study: 1
- Lectures: 30 hours
- Exercises: 15 hours
- Individual work: 75 hours
Course type: mandatory
Learning and teaching methods:
lectures with visual aids, use of blackboard and overhead projection, tutorials