Agriculture and Environment
This course is part of the programme:
Bachelor's programme in Viticulture and Enology (1st level)
Objectives and competences
The objective of the course is to give student an overview of environmental issues connected with agriculture, their sources, characteristics and consequences. Relations and interconnectedness between agriculture and the environment are presented. Students are made acquainted with examples from Slovenia and the world. The central part of the course is aimed at understanding the agricultural landscape and its most important elements: land use, intensive production, matter cycling and energy flow. Agricultural production is presented from the viewpoint of environment protection and students familiarise with specific environmental problems: soil erosion, land degradation pesticide residues in agriculture and loading with nitrates and phosphates. This is followed by a series of lectures in which students learn about management strategies and ways of reducing the environmental impact of agriculture through various established farming practices.
The course complements the courses of Botanics, Chemistry, Soil chemistry and biology and viticulture courses.
Content (Syllabus outline)
Basics of ecology, ecosystems and their functioning (nutrient cycling and energy flow)
Consequences of the agriculture burden on environmental and the impact of global phenomena on agriculture (global phenomena: tropospheric ozone, greenhouse effect and climate change)
Impacts of agriculture on environment:
- Agri-environmental indicators
- Current state in Slovenia
Life-Cycle Assessment in Agricultural Systems (4 hours – guest lecturer)
Ways of decreasing harmful impacts of agriculture on the environment:
- Good agricultural practice
- Integrated farming
- Organic farming
Exercises are in the form of field viewings of specific environmental impacts of agriculture, such as changes in water bodies, impacts of pesticides, changed landscape etc., as well as examples of good environmental practices in agriculture.
Intended learning outcomes
Knowledge and understanding:
Students learn to differentiate between different forms of pollution caused by agricultural activities. After the course, they can assess the environmental impacts of agriculture in general or of a specific farm and describe suitable solutions.
Kupchella, C. E.; Hyland, M. C. 1993. Environmental Science – Living with the system of nature (3rd edition), ISBN-0-13-282740-9, Prentice Hall, N. Jersey
Novotny V, 1999: Diffuse pollution from agriculture – a worldwide outlook. Water Sci Tech 39(3):1–13
High nature value farmland: characteristics, trends and policy challenges. 2004. Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities. ISBN 92-9167-664-0
Assist. Prof. Dr. Tanja Peric habilitated in field of Science of life at University of Nova Gorica.
PERIC Tanja, CORAZZIN Mirco, ROMANZIN Alberto, BOVOLENTA Stefano, PRANDI Alberto, MONTILLO Marta, COMIN Antonella. 2017. Cortisol and DHEA concentrations in the hair of dairy cows managed indoor or on pasture. Livestock science 202: 39-43
PERIC Tanja. Spodbuda k neposredni prodaji mesa na kmetijah: čezmejni projekt FARmEAT, od paše do obložene mize: ovrednotenje čezmejnih kmetijskih območij z razvojem sonaravne živinoreje. V: VOLARIČ, Zdenka (ur.), KLOPČIČ, Luka (ur.). Zbornik, 1. konferenca slovenskega kmetijstva in gozdarstva doma in po svetu, Ljubljana, 21.-22. oktober 2015. Ljubljana: Svetovni slovenski kongres: Gozdarski inštitut Slovenije, Založba Silva Slovenica. 2015.
COMIN Antonella, PRANDI Alberto, PERIC Tanja, CORAZZIN Mirco, DOVIER, Simonetta, BOVOLENTA Stefano. 2011. Hair cortisol levels in dairy cows from winter housing to summer highland grazing. Livestock science 138: 69-73
University course code: 1VV301
Year of study: 3
- Lectures: 30 hours
- Exercises: 15 hours
- Individual work: 45 hours
Course type: mandatory
Learning and teaching methods:
lectures, field work, individual project, scientific papers reading