School of Engineering and Management

Power Engineering and Environment

This course is part of the programme:
Bachelor's programme in Engineering and Management (First Level)

Objectives and competences

The aim of this course is to teach the students basic understanding of conections between sciences and technologies that are used in traditional, alternative and potential future energy systems. The course provides an understanding of inter-connections between energy technologies and social and environmental issues.

A special accent is given to understanding of basic concepts and principles in the field of renewable energy technologies.

Discussed issues are complemented by a number of practical examples and excursion. Students prepare a seminar, with a more detailed discussion on the issues addressed.

Students will acquire the following competences:

- Safe, environmentally-friendly, reliable and economical management of energy systems in the context of sustainable development .


Required prerequisit knowledge from courses: Engineering mathematics, Engineering physics, Engineering chemistry.

Content (Syllabus outline)

1. Introduction

  • Overview of course contents and teaching materials
  • About the study of the course
  • Websites in connection with the course

2. Sustainability and Sustainable develpment

  • Definitions
  • Interdisciplinary view on power engineering
  • Growth of population and migrations
  • Biocapacity and carbon footprint
  • Global climate change
  • Reduction of the ozone layer
  • Waste
  • Remaining global influences and threats
  • Strategies of sustainable development
  • Circular economy

3. Energy technologies with fossil fuels

  • Searching for fossil fuels, production and storage
  • Coal
  • Oil
  • Natural gas
  • Alternative fossil fuels
  • Combustion technologies and thermal power plants
  • Cogeneration
  • High temperature thermal and electrical systems
  • Word, Europe and Slovenia

4. Energy technologies with renewables

  • Hydroelectricity
  • Exploitation of sea waves
  • Harnessing tidal
  • Exploitation of the heat of the sea
  • Harnessing the wind
  • Utilization of biomass
  • Geothermal energy
  • Photovoltaics
  • Hydrogen technologies
  • Harnessing solar energy to generate electricity
  • Harnessing solar energy for heating

5. Introduction to nuclear technologies

6. Energy consumption – industry

  • Process control and energy management
  • Integration of processes
  • Systems with adjustable speed

7. Energy consumption – buildings

  • Nearly zero-energy buildings
  • Passive, hybrid and low-energy cooling systems
  • Daylight and passive solar systems
  • Windows and glazing
  • Ventilation
  • Incandescent
  • Management systems for buildings

8. Energy consumption – transport

  • New internal combustion engines
  • The design of vehicles and new materials
  • Fuel cells
  • Alternative vehicles
  • Transport and traffic management

9. Energy savings by conservation

  • Heating and ventilation
  • Heat pumps
  • Insulation
  • Lighting

10. Energy savings by recycling

11. Energy management

  • The role of energy managers
  • Energy management at the level of family
  • Energy management at the company level
  • Energy management in Slovenia, Europe and World
  • Legislation: waste, environment, emissions,…

12. Energy technologies of the future

  • Introduction
  • Conversion side
  • Consumption side

13. Seminary

Intended learning outcomes

Knowledge and understanding:

Understanding of sustainable development and circular economy.

Knowledge of classical and alternative energy technologies.

Understanding of basic principles of energy conversion systems.


  • Izbrano gradivo na strani Ministrstva za infrastrukturo
  • Renewable Energy- A Primer for the Twenty-First Century, Bruce Usher, 2019
  • Social Science Theory for Environmental Sustainability – A Practical Guide, Marc J. Stern, 2018
  • Physics and Technology of Sustainable Energy, E. L. Wolf, 2018
  • Circular economy series, Ellen MacArthur Foundation, publications#!/~/, 2019
  • G.Boyle, Renewable Energy, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2003.
  • Izbrano gradivo EC Directorate General for Energy (DG XVII).
  • Izbrane spletne strani.


  • Written exam • Public presentation and defense of seminary. 70/30

Lecturer's references

Adjunct Professor Henrik Gjerkeš, rank Assoc. Prof. hab. field mechanical engineering

Biography: Henrik Gjerkeš graduated at the Faculty of Technology in Maribor. He finished his Masters and in 1999 PhD study at the Faculty of Mechanical Engineering at the University of Ljubljana, where he worked as a researcher and assistant until 2006, when he started work as a fellow researcher and university professor – assistant professor at the School of Engineering and Management and the School of Applied Sciences at the University of Nova Gorica. His scientific-research work is supplemented with cooperation in national and international project activities in the field of sustainable development and innovative systems for renewable energy sources utilisation, in cooperation with economy, local and regional communities, non-government organisations and/or government offices. From 2009 to 2011 he was Minister for self-government and regional policy in the Government of the Republic of Slovenia. Since 2011 he is employed at the University of Nova Gorica and at the Building and Civil Engineering Institute ZRMK in Ljubljana.

Role: Henrik Gjerkeš is a lecturer of the subject Introduction to the modern technological systems and Power Engineering and Environment at the School of Engineering and Management, and the subject Optimization procedures in environmental protection at the School of Environmental Sciences. He is a mentor to numerous graduates, and a member of the Study affairs committee at the School of Engineering and Management.

Working and research areas: heat transfer, process engineering, sustainable development, renewable energy sources, efficiency energy use, environmental technologies, measurement techniques, modern technological systems, regional development, European cohesion policy.

Selected bibliography:

ŠIJANEC-ZAVRL, Marjana, GJERKEŠ, Henrik. Sustainable energy networks : a hub for nearly zero energy buildings : presented at 3rd International Exergy, Life Cycle Assessment, and Sustainability Workshop & Symposium (ELCAS-3), 07-09 July, 2013, Nisyros, Greece. Nisyros: ELCAS-3, 9. jul. 2013. [COBISS.SI-ID 2911483]

Energetska učinkovitost in energetska izkaznica stavb. ŠIJANEC-ZAVRL, Marjana, BUTALA, Vincenc, GALONJA, Saša, KAPLAR, Jože, KUNIČ, Roman, MEDVED, Sašo, POTOČAR, Erik, PRAZNIK, Miha, PREK, Matjaž, SELAN, Boris, TOMŠIČ, Miha, ZUPAN, Matjaž, KOPORČIČ, Darko, PRAVIČEK, Maja, GRABNER, Sabina, GROŠETA, Robert, GJERKEŠ, Henrik. Maribor: Forum Media, 2010-2013. ISSN 1855-9670. [COBISS.SI-ID 252656384]

ŠIJANEC-ZAVRL, Marjana, STEGNAR, Gašper, GJERKEŠ, Henrik. Demonstration of the nearly zero energy building concept. Journal of geoscience and environment protection, ISSN 2327-4336, 2015, vol. 3, no. 6, str. 45-54, ilustr., doi: 10.4236/gep.2015.36008. [COBISS.SI-ID 4026875]

GJERKEŠ, Henrik. Sodobne tehnologije za uporabo biomase in transformiranje odpadkov v energijo. V: PRAZNIK, Miha (ur.), PRAZNIK, Miha. Priročnik za usposabljanje energetskih svetovalcev : publikacija ob strokovnem usposabljanju energetskih svetovalcev za delo v mreži ENSVET. Ljubljana: Gradbeni inštitut ZRMK. 2015, str. 238-244, ilustr. [COBISS.SI-ID 512102427]

GJERKEŠ, Henrik, ŠIJANEC-ZAVRL, Marjana. Stroškovni in okoljski učinki tipičnih sistemov generacije toplote. V: PRAZNIK, Miha (ur.), PRAZNIK, Miha. Priročnik za usposabljanje energetskih svetovalcev : publikacija ob strokovnem usposabljanju energetskih svetovalcev za delo v mreži ENSVET. Ljubljana: Gradbeni inštitut ZRMK. 2015, str. 258-262, ilustr. [COBISS.SI-ID 512102683]

PETKOVŠEK, Jure, HENG, Yi, ZUPANČIČ, Matevž, GJERKEŠ, Henrik, CIMERMAN, Franc, GOLOBIČ, Iztok. IR thermographic investigation of nucleate pool boiling at high heat flux. International journal of refrigeration, ISSN 0140-7007. [Print ed.], Jan. 2016, vol. 61, str. 127-139, ilustr., doi: 10.1016/j.ijrefrig.2015.10.018. [COBISS.SI-ID 14351643]

ŠIJANEC-ZAVRL, Marjana, STEGNAR, Gašper, RAKUŠČEK, Andraž, GJERKEŠ, Henrik. A bottom-up building stock model for tracking regional energy targets : a case study of Kočevje. Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, 2016, vol. 8, no. 10, str. 1-16, ilustr., doi: 10.3390/su8101063. [COBISS.SI-ID 4550139]

GJERKEŠ, Henrik, MIRTIČ, Mihael, STEGNAR, Gašper, ŠIJANEC-ZAVRL, Marjana. Spremljanje delovanja napredno načrtovane skoraj ničenergijske večstanovanjske stavbe. V: PETELIN-VISOČNIK, Barbara (ur.), MERŠE, Stane (ur.). Energetska učinkovitost – največji evropski vir energije : [zbornik]. Ljubljana: Časnik Finance. 2016, str. 42-50, ilustr. [COBISS.SI-ID 4281851]

ŠIJANEC-ZAVRL, Marjana, STEGNAR, Gašper, RAKUŠČEK, Andraž, GJERKEŠ, Henrik. Bottom-up modelling of continuous renovation and energy balance of existing building stock : case study Kočevje. V: PATTERSON, Jo (ur.). Proceedings of the international conference “Smart energy regions”, Cardiff, UK, 11th and 12th February 2016 : COST Action TU1104. Cardiff (UK): The Welsh School of Architecture, Cardiff University. cop. 2016, str. 254-266, ilustr. [COBISS.SI-ID 4221435]

GJERKEŠ, Henrik, ŠIJANEC-ZAVRL, Marjana, RAPINA, Tetiana. Cost and energy efficient modernization of school buildings in Ukraine = Stroškovno in energetsko učinkovita prenova šolskih stavb v Ukrajini. Svet strojništva, ISSN 2350-3505, mar. 2016, letn. 5, št. 1, str. 14-21, ilustr. article/77/svet_strojnistva_mar16.pdf. [COBISS.SI-ID 4244475]

GJERKEŠ, Henrik, ILC, Slavica. Primerjalna analiza življenjskega cikla prečno lepljenega lesa v proizvodni fazi = Comparative production phase life cycle assessment of cross-laminated timber. Svet strojništva, ISSN 1855-6493, sep. 2016, letn. 5, št. 2, str. 4-10, ilustr. [COBISS.SI-ID 14897179]

GJERKEŠ, Henrik, PISK, Valter, ŠIJANEC-ZAVRL, Marjana. Energetska samooskrba v krožnem gospodarstvu : primer občine Kočevje. V: PAPLER, Drago. Priložnosti na področju energije in energetike, ki jih prinaša celovito upravljanje z energijo. Kranj: Gorenjske elektrarne. 2016, [7] str. [COBISS.SI-ID 5012987]

GJERKEŠ, Henrik. Celovita analiza stroškov za ogrevanje stavb. Varčujem z energijo : svetovalec, feb.-mar. 2017, let. 10, št. 53, str. 56-57, ilustr. [COBISS.SI-ID 5002747]

GJERKEŠ, Henrik, TOMŠIČ, Miha, ŠIJANEC-ZAVRL, Marjana. Zelena energija za trajnostni razvoj. EGES : energetika, gospodarstvo, ekologija Slovenije. jun./jul./avg. 2018, leto 22, [št.] 3, str. 57-59, ilustr. ISSN 1408-2667. [COBISS.SI-ID 5410555]

ŠIJANEC-ZAVRL, Marjana, GJERKEŠ, Henrik, JAĆIMOVIĆ, Marko, JEJČIČ, Neva. Sodobni pristop k energetski prenovi stavb. EGES : energetika, gospodarstvo, ekologija Slovenije. sep./okt. 2018, leto 22, [št.] 4, str. 66-69, ilustr. ISSN 1408-2667. [COBISS.SI-ID 5410811]

GJERKEŠ, Henrik, ŠIJANEC-ZAVRL, Marjana. Upravljanje z energijo : implementacija Uredbe o upravljanju z energijo v javnem sektorju. Gradbenik : revija za gradnjo, sanacije in gradbene materiale. apr. 2018, letn. 22, št. 4, str. 58-59, ilustr. ISSN 1408-1725. [COBISS.SI-ID 5411067]

GJERKEŠ, Henrik, TOMŠIČ, Miha, ŠIJANEC-ZAVRL, Marjana. Obnovljivi viri energije kot razvojna priložnost za lokalne skupnosti. Gradbenik : revija za gradnjo, sanacije in gradbene materiale. jun. 2018, letn. 22, št. 6, str. 32-33, ilustr. ISSN 1408-1725. [COBISS.SI-ID 5411579]

GJERKEŠ, Henrik, TOMŠIČ, Miha, ŠIJANEC-ZAVRL, Marjana. Zelena energija za trajnostni razvoj. EGES : energetika, gospodarstvo, ekologija Slovenije. jun./jul./avg. 2018, leto 22, [št.] 3, str. 57-59, ilustr. ISSN 1408-2667. [COBISS.SI-ID 5410555]

GJERKEŠ, Henrik. Renewables in buildings and local communities : buildings energy efficiency : predavanje na Veleučilištu u Slavonskom Brodu, 2. 9. 2019. [COBISS.SI-ID 40679683]

21. ŠIJANEC-ZAVRL, Marjana, JEJČIČ, Neva, TOMŠIČ, Miha, GJERKEŠ, Henrik, ZUPANČIČ, Luka, DOLINŠEK, Blaž, JORDAN, Sabina, KNEZ, Friderik, ŠIJANEC-ZAVRL, Marjana (urednik), GJERKEŠ, Henrik (urednik). D1 Poročilo o posvetovalnih delavnicah z deležniki o kazalnikih trajnostne gradnje : LIFE IP CARE4CLIMATE (LIFE17 IPC/SI/000007). Ljubljana: Gradbeni inštitut ZRMK: Zavod za gradbeništvo Slovenije, 2019. 75 str., ilustr. [COBISS.SI-ID 40830979]

STRNIŠA, Erna (oseba, ki intervjuva), POTOČAR, Erik (intervjuvanec), VENDRAMIN, Mojca (intervjuvanec), GJERKEŠ, Henrik (intervjuvanec). Kdaj se bomo v Sloveniji ogrevali na okolju prijazen način?. Ljubljana: Radiotelevizija Slovenija javni zavod, 2019. 1 spletni vir (1 zvočna datoteka (55 min, 23 sek)). Studio ob 17:00. [COBISS.SI-ID 40702467]

GJERKEŠ, Henrik (intervjuvanec), ŠIJANEC-ZAVRL, Marjana (intervjuvanec). Hiše prihodnosti : prihodnost je že tukaj. Delo in dom. [Spletna izd.]. 19. apr. 2019. ISSN 2591-1538. [COBISS.SI-ID 40694531]

GJERKEŠ, Henrik. Toplotne črpalke v kontekstu trajnostnega ogrevanja v Sloveniji. V: UMBERGER, Marko (ur.). Toplotne črpalke : revija. Ljubljana: UM svetovanje, 2019. Str. 39-44, ilustr. [COBISS.SI-ID 40382723]

TOMŠIČ, Miha, GJERKEŠ, Henrik, ŠIJANEC-ZAVRL, Marjana, BAČLIJA BRAJNIK, Irena, PREBILIČ, Vladimir. Potentials and limitations of local fiscal policies as instruments for sustainable development in Slovenia. V: BAGARIĆ, Marina (ur.). Energy efficient building design and legislation, (RILEM proceedings, ISSN 1461-1147, 128). Paris: RILEM Publications. [2019], str. 237-244, ilustr. [COBISS.SI-ID 5361915]

ŠIJANEC-ZAVRL, Marjana, JEJČIČ, Neva, GJERKEŠ, Henrik, JAĆIMOVIĆ, Marko, VARŠEK, Damjana. O stavbah po letu 2020. EGES : energetika, gospodarstvo, ekologija Slovenije. 2019, leto 23, št. 3, str. 91-95, ilustr. ISSN 1408-2667. [COBISS.SI-ID 40733187]

GJERKEŠ, Henrik. Koncept krožnega gospodarstva, gradbeništvo in primer občine Kočevje. V: VOLFAND, Jože (ur.), et al. Prehod v trajnostno gradnjo in življenjski cikel stavbe : priročnik za krožno gospodarstvo. Celje: Fit media, 2020. Str. 56-61, ilustr. ISBN 978-961-6283-60-1. [COBISS.SI-ID 40348931]

University course code: 1GI032

Year of study: 2

Semester: 2

Course principal:





  • Lectures: 45 hours
  • Exercises: 15 hours
  • Individual work: 90 hours

Course type: mandatory

Languages: slovene

Learning and teaching methods:
• lectures • learning in a discussion • case studies • solving concrete cases • individual project work • presentation of seminary to other students