School of Humanities

World wars of 20. century

This course is part of the programme:
Bachelor's study programme Cultural history (1st level)

Objectives and competences

  • The students will learn the topics that will enrich their knowledge of local, regional and world history.
  • The students will learn the mechanisms of formation of the modern memory, which intertwines the individuality and generality, concrete and abstract.
  • They will be capable of critical analyses of the problems. They will be able to find solutions by transferring their own or foreign experiences or by synthetizing their solutions due to the special conditions. The complex knowledge will enable faster accommodation of historical and cultural-historical findings to the needs of the society and the field of humanities.

Prerequisites

No prerequisites are required.

Content (Syllabus outline)

The course will introduce the topic of the cultural history of wars, the dimensions and consequences in social, political, economic and cultural spheres. The course will explain the processes of formation of the modern memory, based on different sources. The course will focus on social history and history of everyday life, history of mentalities, modern memory, etc. The lectures will focus on the experience of the soldiers, children, women in opposition to the elite and the processes of women emancipation. The First World War will be presented as a turning point in the history of 20the Century. The course will further on focus on historical development and effects of the totalitarian ideologies of the 20th Century and their escalation in the Second World War. which was also the climax of violence in the European and World history of the 20th century.

Intended learning outcomes

  • Students will be capable of detecting cultural-historical issues and social problems in general. They will solve these problems using different methodological approaches based on critical and self-critical judgment.
  • The students will learn about different levels of historical knowledge, findings, understanding and memory.
  • The student will evaluate the past events and form their personal perspective of the topics.

Readings

  • M. Ferro, La Grande Guerre 1914–1918, Editions Gallimard,.Paris, 1969.
  • P. Fussel, The Great War and Modern Memory. New York, Oxford University Press, 1975 (tudi italijanski prevod);
  • P. Renouvin, Evropska kriza i prvi svetski rat. Naprijed, Zagreb, 1965;
  • E.J.Leed, No Man’s Land: Combat and Identity in World War I.Cambridge 1979;
  • E.J. Hobsbawm, Il secolo breve, Rizzoli, Milano, 1995.
  • E.J. Hobsbawm, Čas skrajnosti. Svetovna zgodovina 1914 – 1991. Znanstveno in publicistično središče, Ljubljan, 2000.
  • M. Mazower, Temna celina. Dvajseto stoletje v Evropi. Mladinska knjiga, Ljubljana, 2002.
  • J. Winter, Sites of memory, sites of Mourning. The Great War in European cultural History. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1995.
  • J.M. Winter, The Experience of World War I. Macmillan, London, 1998.
  • Behind the Lines: Gender and the two World Wars. Margaret Randolph Higonnet (ur.), Yale University Press, New Haven, London, 1987.
  • Spomini, pisma in dnevniki slovenskih vojakov
  • G. Hardach, Geschichte der Weltwirtschaft im 20. Jahrhundert. 2, Der Erste Weltkrieg: 1914 – 1918. München, 1973.
  • Kindheit im Ersten Weltkrieg. Christa Hämmerle (ur.). Böhlau, Wien, Köln, Weimar 1993.
  • S. Ouditt, Fighting Forces, Writing Women: Identity and ideology in the First World War. Routledge, London, New York, 1994.
  • Petra Svoljšak, Prva svetovna vojna in Slovenci. Zgodovinski časopis 47, št. 2 (1993), 547–567 in št. 4, 263–287, Ljubljana, 1995.

Assessment

Seminar paper and oral exam.

Lecturer's references

Prof Dr Petra Svoljšak, research adviser at ZRC SAZU, is a researcher of the history of the First World War. Her research focuses on the topics of civil experience, refugees, everyday life, occupations and victims of war and memory of the War. Besides she researches the cultural history of the First World War and processes of demobilization and reconstruction after the War.

- Soča, sveta reka : italijanska zasedba slovenskega ozemlja (1915-1917), (Zbirka Korenine). Ljubljana: Nova revija, 2003

- La popolazione civile nella Slovenia occupata. In: BIANCHI, Bruna (ur.). La violenza contro la popolazione civile nella Grande guerra : deportati, profughi, internati. Milano: UNICOPLI, 2006, 147-163.

- La memoria della guerra in Slovenia. In: MONTICONE, Alberto (ur.), SCANDALETTI, Paolo (ur.), BALBI, Marco. Esercito e popolazioni nella Grande Guerra : autunno 1917. Udine: Gaspari, cop. 2008, 79-85.

- The social history of the Soča/Isonzo region in the First World War. In: TENFELDE, Klaus (ur.), RUTAR, Sabine (ur.), WÖRSDÖRFER, Rolf (Ed.). Sozialgeschichte und soziale Bewegungen in Slowenien, (Mitteilungsblatt des Instituts für soziale Bewegungen, Nr. 41). Essen: Klartext, 2009, 2009, [Bd.] 41, 89-109

- The language policy of the Italian army in the occupied Slovenian territories, 1915-17. In: FOOTITT, Hilary (ur.), KELLY, Michael (ur.). Languages and the military : alliances, occupation and peace building, (Palgrave studies in languages at war). Houndmills [etc.]: Palgrave Macmillan, 2012, 70-85.

- Slovenian Historiography and Collective Memory of World War I in the First Yugoslavia (1918 – 1941). In: Jozef Niznik (ed). Twentieth Century wars and European Memory. (Studie in social sciences, philosophy and history of ideas, volume 1). Peter Lang Edition, 2013, 205 – 216.

- SVOLJŠAK, Petra, GODEŠA, Bojan. Italian interwar administration of Slovenian ethnic territory : Italian ethnic policy. V: DORNIK, Wolfram (ur.), et al. Frontwechsel : Österreich-Ungarns “Großer Krieg” im Vergleich. Wien; Köln; Weimar: Böhlau, 2014, str. 303-323.

- Prva svetovna vojna in Slovenci : 1. del. V: Zgodovinski časopis 47, št. 2 (1993), str. 263-287.

- Prva svetovna vojna in Slovenci : II. 1945-1992 . V: Zgodovinski časopis. 47, št. 4 (1993), str. 547-567.

Dr Bojan Godeša, research adviser at Institute of Contemporary history, is a researcher of the history of the Second World War. His research focuses on the topics of political and cultural history, the history of ideologies and totalitarian ideologies that led to the Second World War, the occupational regimes during the war and the consequences.

- Kdor ni z nami, je proti nam. Slovenski izobraženci med okupatorji,

- Osvobodilno fronto in protirevolucionarnim taborom. Ljubljana: Cankarjeva založba 1995.

- Izgubljeni spomin na Antona Korošca. Iz zapuščine Ivana Ahčina. Ljubljana: Nova revija 1999 (skupaj z/with Ervin Dolenc).

- Jozef Tiso a Anton Korošec – vzt’ahy medzi Slovákmi a Slovincami. Historicky časopis, 53, 2005, N. 2, pp. 365-379.

- Slovensko nacionalno vprašanje med drugo svetovno vojno. Ljubljana: Inštitut za novejšo zgodovino 2006.

- Storia della resistenza e della guerra mondiale. La Slovenia e l’ex-Jugoslavia. Contemporanea. Rivista di storia dell’800 e del’900. Anno IX, numero 1, gennaio 2006, pp. 123-132 (skupaj z/with Boris Mlakar).

- I comunisti sloveni e la questione di Trieste durante la Seconda guerra mondiale. Qualestoria 2007, št. 1 La storia al confine e oltre il confine. Uno sguardo sulla storiografia slovena, pp. 119-132.

- La Slovenia e le sue vittime (1940-1946). Pallante Pierluigi (ed.), Foibe, memoria e futuro. Atti dei convegni internazionali di Roma e di Rovigo. Roma, Riuniti, 2007, pp. 189-203 (skupaj z/with Tadeja Tominšek Rihtar).

- Social and cultural aspects of the historiography on the Second World War in Slovenia. Sozialgeschichte und soziale Bewegungen in Slowenien / Social History and Social Movements in Slovenia. Mitteilungsblatt des Instituts für soziale Bewegungen 41/2009, pp. 111-125.

- Čas odločitev. Katoliški tabor in začetek okupacije. Ljubljana: Mladinska knjiga 2011.

- Italian interwar administration of Slovenian ethnic territory : Italian ethnic policy In: Frontwechsel. Ősterreich-Ungarns »Grosser Krieg« im Vergleich. Wolfram Dornik, Julia Walleczek-Fritz, Stefan Wedrac (Hg.). Bőhlau Verlag Wien – Kőln – Weimar, 2014, pp. 303-323. (skupaj z/with Petra Svoljšak)

University course code: 1KZ002

Year of study: 1

Semester: 2

Course principal:

Lecturer:

Assistant:

ECTS: 8

Workload:

  • Lectures: 60 hours
  • Seminar: 45 hours
  • Individual work: 135 hours

Course type: mandatory

Languages: slovene

Learning and teaching methods:
accurate readings of proposed literature and seminar-work with the in-class presentation, research work on specific problems.