Solid State Chemistry

This course is part of the programme
Materials (Third Level)

Objectives and competences

The student will obtain required knowledge for understanding materia science problems. Initially, they will staudy the structure of solids and get introduced with the importance of chemical and physical bonds, crystal (dis)order and deffects for materials properties. They will get insight into electronic structure of crystals and compare it with the electronic straucture of nanomaterials – to understand the »nano« prefix. The student will understand high temperature phase equilibria and learn thermodynamic and kinetic treatments of phase transitions. They will learn synthesis design and planning, different processing technoques and their chemical-physical fundamentals as well as basic method of characterisation of solids.




  1. Bonds in Solids – chemical and physical bonds, influence of the bonds on properties
  2. Crystal structure – bonds in crystals, electronic structure of crystals, crystal structure of selected modern materials and nanomaterials
  3. Crystal deffects and their influence on materials properties
  4. Structire of non-cyrstal matter – amorphous matter, glass, low-range ordering
  5. Phase diagrams and phase transitions (thermodynamics and kinetics)
  6. Synthesis and preparation of materials – particles, ceramics, layers and coatings, single crystals, nanomaterials and composites, chemical and physical processes, reaction kinetics, diffusion in solids, development of microstructure, self-assembly and macrostructure
  7. Basic methods for characterization of solid matter – electron microscopy and diffraction, x-ray diffraction, thermla analysis, spectroscopic methods
  8. Materials properties – chemical, thermal, mechanical, electrical, dielectric, optic, magnetic as a consequence of typical bonds, crystal (dis)order. Microstructure and coupling of different properties in multifunctional materials

Intended learning outcomes

To obtain the knowledge on design and development of materials with pre-required properties based on understanding the structure of solids in its influence on physical-chemical properties, understanding of phase relations, chemical synthesis, reaction kinetics as well as characterisation methods.


  1. A. R. West, Basic Solid State Chemistry, Wiley, 2nd Ed. (2009)
  2. A. R. West, Solid State Chemistry and Its Applications, Wiley (1990)
  3. C. N. R. Rao, J. Gopalakrishnan, New Directions in Solid State Chemistry,
    Cambridge University Press, 2nd Ed. (1997)
  4. V. I. Dyabkov, Reaction Diffusion and Solid State Chemical Kinetics, IPMS Publications (2002)
  5. R. J. Borg, G. J. Dienes, The Physical Chemistry of Solids, Academic Press Inc. (1992)
  6. J. P. Jolivet, Metal Oxide Chemistry and Synthesis, Wiley (2000)
  7. W.D. Kingery, H. K. Bowen, D. R. Uhlmann, Introduction to Ceramics, John Wiley & Sons (1976)
  8. Y.M. Chiang, D. Birnie III, W.D. Kingery, Physical Ceramics, John Wiley & Sons (1997)


Oral exam/ seminar work (80/20)

Lecturer's references

Full professor of material science at the University of Nova Gorica.

1.BENČINA, Metka, VALANT, Matjaž, PITCHER, Michael W., FANETTI, Mattia. Intensive visible-light photoactivity of Bi- and Fe-containing pyrochlore nanoparticles. Nanoscale, ISSN 2040-3364, 2014, vol. 6, iss. 2, str. 745-748, doi: 10.1039/C3NR04260J. [COBISS.SI-ID 3046395]
2. VALANT, Matjaž, ARČON, Iztok, MIKULSKA, Iuliia, LISJAK, Darja. Cation order-disorder transition in Fe-doped 6H-BaTiO[sub]3 for dilute room-temperature ferromagnetism. Chemistry of materials, ISSN 0897-4756. [Print ed.], 2013, vol. 25, no. 17, str. 3544-3550, doi: 10.1021/cm402353t. [COBISS.SI-ID 26970151]
3.F. Le Goupil, A.-K. Axelsson, L.J. Dunne, M. Valant, G. Manos, T. Lukasiewicz, J. Dec, A. Berenov, N. McN. Alford Anisotropy of the Electrocaloric Effect in Lead-Free Relaxor Ferroelectrics /Adv. Energy Mater.,/1301688 (2014)
4. VALANT, Matjaž. Electrocaloric materials for future solid-state refrigeration technologies. Progress in Materials Science, ISSN 0079-6425. [Print ed.], 2012, vol. 57, no. 6, str. 980-1009. [COBISS.SI-ID 2210043]
5.VALANT, Matjaž, KOLODIAZHNYI, Taras, ARČON, Iztok, AGUESSE, Frederic, AXELSSON, Anna-Karin, ALFORD, Neil McN. The origin of magnetism in Mn-doped SrTiO [sub] 3. Advanced functional materials, ISSN 1616-301X, maj 2012, vol. 22, no. 10, str. 2114-2122. [COBISS.SI-ID 2265083]