Lowdimensional materials

This course is part of the programme
Materials (Third Level)

Objectives and competences

The goal of the course is to give an overview of the electronic and magnetic properties of materials when their characteristic dimension reduces from 3 to 2, 1 and 0. The students will acquire knowledge about the main representatives of each dimensional group. The students will gain competences for evaluation of a the selected material system from the point of view of their application in selected electronic devices.




  1. Electronic Properties
  2. Magnetic properties

  3. Quantum dots

    1. group II-VI quantum dots 2. group III-V quantum dots 3. Si-Ge quantum dots
  1. Nanotubes/nanowires
    1. Carbon nanotubes 2. MoS2
  1. 2D materials
    1. Graphene 2. Transition metal dichalcogenides 3. Hexagonal boron nitride 4. 2D oxides

Intended learning outcomes

Knowledge and understanding: the students gain knowledge of key properties of electronic energy structure in systems with reduced dimensionality. They gain knowledge from the field of the role of magnetic field on the solutions of Schrödinger equation and the emergence of Landau levels in two- and zero-dimensional material systems. Based on this knowledge they understand the cause for characteristic electronic energy structures in various technologically relevant low dimensional materials. They understand what causes characteristic behaviour of these materials in high magnetic fields.


  • John H. Davies, The Physics of Low-Dimensional Semiconductors, an introduction, Cambridge University Press (1998)
  • Frank J. Owens, The Physics of Low Dimensional Materials, World Scientific (2017).


Written exam

Lecturer's references

Prof. dr. Gvido Bratina (h-index: 20)
Field of research: Transport properties of organic semiconductor layers and blends of organic semiconductotrs and 2D materials. Initial stages of growth on inorganic and polymeric substrates and 2D materials. Organic transistors and organic solar cells. Atomic force microscopy
1992 Doctor of science, University of Ljubljana, Slovenia
1989 Master of science, University of Ljubljana, Slovenia
1983 Engineer of physics, University of Ljubljana, Slovenia