Selected topics in conservation and restoration practice

This course is part of the programme
Cultural Heritage Studies (Third Level)

Objectives and competences

The course will develop the research skills for the analysis and understanding of built heritage focusing on the assessment of the state of conservation and damage.
Ability to develop conservation and restoration projects of built heritage in line with valorization and maintenance plans.

Prerequisites

Basic knowledge of the theory of structures, main material degradation phenomena of historic and modern buildings.
Basic knowledge of history of architecture with a focus on evolution and transformations in architecture related to the advancements in technology.
Skills in graphic design for the representation of architecture.

Content

The lectures will focus on the analysis of the built heritage through material and structural characterization, with particular attention to decay and instability phenomena. The preservation of the material and building characteristics and the structural behavior will be evaluated through the geometrical and material survey of the building.
The analysis and interpretation of the built heritage, whether historic, modern or as an admixture of different periods and styles will be at the core of the investigation process.

h1. 1. Fundamentals of conservation and restoration project
- course presentation (objectives, methods, tools);
- the concepts of incompleteness and heterogeneity of the object of study;
- built heritage as complex cultural phenomena;
- lacks and perspectives of the interdisciplinary approach;
- presentation of the contemporary research perspectives;

h1. 2. State of the art
- the historic research and comparative methodologies of investigation (archival, historic, critical and observational methods for the analysis of built heritage)
- survey procedures and survey techniques;
- analysis and diagnostic of materials and structures (analysis of the damage of the principal historic building techniques (including reinforced and unreinforced concrete);
- interpretation of the assessment data through comparison of the historical building techniques and materials;
- recognition of the interruptions i.e. transformation moments in the life of historic fabric;

h1. 3. Assessment of the state of conservation
- declination of the assessment of the state of conservation considering re-functioning and maintenance issues;
- overview and comparison of different consolidation techniques and materials;

Intended learning outcomes

The final outcome of the course is the acquisition of a sound scientific and cultural background for the development of the conservation and restoration project of built heritage.

Readings

AA.VV., Curare il moderno. I modi della tecnologia, Atti del 1° Convegno Nazionale DO.CO.MO.MO. Sezione Piemonte, Venezia 2002
AA.VV., Architettura moderna in Italia. Documentazione e conservazione, Atti del 1° Convegno
Nazionale DO.CO.MO.MO. Italia, Roma 1999
Brandi C., Teoria del restauro, Torino 1977
Brandi C., Basile G. (edited by), Theory of restoration, Nardini, Firenze, 2005.
Boriani M. (a cura di), La sfida del moderno. L'architettura del XX secolo tra conservazione e innovazione, Unicopli, Milano 2003
Brogiolo G.P., Faccio P., Stratigrafia e prevenzione. Archeologia dell'architettura, vol.XV/2010, p. 55-63, 2011, ISSN: 1126-6236
Bruschi G., Faccio P., Pratali Maffei S., Scaramuzza P., Il calcestruzzo nelle Architetture di Carlo Scarpa. Forme, alterazioni, interventi., vol. 1, p. 1-263, BOLOGNA:Editrice Compositori, 2005. ISBN: 8877944315
Bruschi G., Faccio P., Scaramuzza P., Vanin A., Brevetti per edifici asismici: tra teoria e pratica. In: Valtieri S. A cura di. 28 dicembre 1908. La Grande Ricostruzione dopo il terremoto del 1908 nell’area dello Stretto. p. 1044-1067, ROMA:CLEAR, 2008, ISBN: 9788838501050
Campanini G., Faccio P., Fain E., Bruschi G., Saramuzza P., Il restauro del contemporaneo. Esperienze e prospettive. p. 1-160, Bologna:Editrice Compositori, 2012, ISBN:9788877947932
Carbonara G., Avvicinamento al restauro. Teoria, storia, monumenti, Liguori, Napoli, 1997
Carbonara G. (edited by), Il restauro del moderno, fascicolo monografico della rivista “Parametro”, XXXVI, 2006, n°266.
Crippa M.A., Per il restauro del moderno. Qualche riflessione sul riconoscimento e il progetto di
restauro di architetture del Novecento, in “Territorio, n°23, 2003
Crippa M. A., Il restauro del grattacielo Pirelli, Milano 2007
Dal Co F., Il vecchio e il nuovo. L’infondatezza del vecchio, l’aleatorietà del nuovo, in “Casabella”
n°754, aprile 2007, p.3.
Dezzi Bardeschi M., Conservare non restaurare, in "ANANKE", n.35-36, 2002
De Seta C., Le architetture della modernità tra crisi e rinascite, Torino 2002
Dorfles G., Il restauro del Moderno rispetto all’Antico, in “Arte/Architettura/Ambiente”, settembre 2004, pp.9-10
Faccio P., Conoscenza e prevenzione, In: Ministero per i Beni e le Attività Culturali - Segretariato Generale (a cura di Laura Moro e Antonella Neri). Linee Guida per la valutazione e riduzione del rischio sismico del patrimonio culturale – allineamento alle nuove norme tecniche per le costruzioni. p. 192-200, ROMA:Gangemi, 2010, ISBN: 9788849220292
Faccio P., Alcune considerazioni sul comportamento strutturale del Tempietto di Villa Barbaro a Maser. In: Piana Mario, Soragni Ugo . PALLADIO. MATERIALI TECNICHE RESTAURI IN ONORE DI RENATO CEVESE. Venezia: Marsilio, 2011, ISBN: 97888317107561)
Frampton K., The Evolution of 20th Century Architecture: A Synoptic Account, China Architecture & Building Press, 2007.
Frampton K ., Modern Architecture: A Critical History, 4th ed. Thames & Hudson, New York, 2007
Galliani P., Restauro del moderno: obiettivi e ragioni del progetto, in “Territorio”, n°40, 2007
Hofstadter D.R., Gödel, Escher, Bach: An eternal Golden Braid, Basic Books, 1979
Jester Thomas C., Twentieth-century Building materials, History and Conservation, Getty pubblications, 2014
La Regina F., Il restauro dell’architettura. L’architettura del restauro, Liguri, Napoli 2004
Macdonald, S., Ostergren G., Conserving Twentieth-Century Built Heritage: A Bibliography, 2nd ed. Los Angeles, CA: Getty Conservation Institute, 2013; http://hdl.handle.net/10020/gci_pubs/twentieth_centruy_built_heritage
Poretti S., L’opera invisibile, DOCOMOMO Italia - giornale 10-11/2002
Torsello B. P., Che cos’è il restauro, Marsilio, Venezia 2005
Varagnoli C., L’architettura italiana del periodo fascista: dalla conoscenza al restauro, in C. Robotti (a cura di) “Lo spazio mostre in biblioteca”, San Salvo 1994, pp. 117-122
Vassallo E., Tempo e memoria, in “d’Architettura”, n°2, 2003

Assessment

Based on evaluation test and public presentation research work. 50/50

Lecturer's references

Paolo Faccio is associate professor at the University IUAV of Venice, where he teaches "Architectural Restoration" and “Theory and techniques of historical buildings” at the undergraduate degree and graduate level. He holds agreements with the "Directorate General for landscape, fine arts, architecture and contemporary art" of Italian Ministry of Culture for the experimentations in the field of "Seismic risk of cultural heritage with reference to building technical standards " (DPCM 12.10.2007) being one of the guideline extensors.
Reserach interests: survey and analysis of the damage, assessment of the seismic vulnerability of historic buildings, interpretation of structural behavior; experimental analysis and conservation techniques of modern built heritage;