History of Historiography

This course is part of the programme
Bachelor's study programme Cultural history (1st level)

Objectives and competences

Students will master the basic concepts of specific historical periods; they will develop the skill of building an interdisciplinary network of knowledge from different humanistic fields and will receive an overview of basic historiographical concepts. They will suitably link the objectives, subject contents, work methods etc. to establish a proper image of the development of historiography though the period of time, the similarities and differences between them – and the tools for critical reviewing of modern historical processes.

The discussed course covers general contents from the field of historical sciences, i.e. the structure and the techniques of historical research, the basics of political history, cultural history etc. Students will master the basic principles of historical science, i.e. the procedures of planning and executing an historical research; they will suitably link and coordinate particular historical concepts while employing the broadest possible spectrum of research methods and strategies, leading to the desired research results, their proper arrangement and critical assessment. They will also develop their ability to critically approach preserved sources, review historical methods and begin with independent scientific work.


Enrolment in the 3rd study year.


The object of this subject course is attached to the subject matter of the 1st year, i.e. "Introduction to the study of history"; it explores the mechanisms of self-reflective thinking that we call history. We wonder why this kind of creation and comprehending the sequence of past events (despite the fact that it has been since the beginning of its existence, torn between art and science) at the time of its development gained so much force and why the majority of those with whom we meet, led conviction that by controlling the past to cope with the future. History was never just a matter of debate between historians, but also the result of the eternal tension between past and present; it is necessarily questioned by authors from Homer, Herodotus and Hecataeus to - finally - Hayden White, Gabrielle Spiegel and Keith Jenkins. Herodotus’ spiritual grandson Keith Jankins directly called to a critical disobedience to all authoritarian voices of modernist historiography and breach of all “conventions”. According to him, only this attitude can lead from definitive and unambiguous texts to unlimited openness.

Intended learning outcomes

Knowledge and understanding:
Students are acquainted with the intricacies of historical science and its basic concepts. They are competent in planning and executing a historical research and evaluating historical sources. They receive knowledge of methods and research strategies, develop the ability to perform archival, field and theoretical research and develop the ability to express themselves scientifically. They have the ability to pinpoint crucial historical dilemmas and present historical issues.
Students are able to employ their knowledge in different practical scientific circumstances. They develop the ability for systematic historical research, critical evaluation of historical materials and the output of processed information. Tutorials, related to the lectures in contents, will help develop students’ critical attitude to preserved historical sources, their knowledge of historical methods and their ability to perform independent research.


Bently, Michael, Modern Historiography, Routledge, London – New York 1999.
Burke, Peter, New Perspectives on Historical Writing, Pensylvania University Press, University Park 1992.
Carr, E.H., What is History?, Penguin, London 1987.
Jenkins, Keith, Rethinking History, Routledge, London 1991.
Kramer, Lloyd; Maza, Sarah, A Companion to Western Historical Thought, Blackwell, Malden – Oxford 2002.
Luthar, Oto; Šašel Kos, Marjeta; Nada Grošelj; Gregor Pobežin Lovci na preteklost. Zgodovina zgodovinopisja od Homerja do začetka 21. stoletja, Založba ZRC, Ljubljana 2005.

Appleby, Joyce; Hunt, Lyn; Jacob, Margaret, Telling the Truth About History, New York – London, 1994
Braudel, Ferdinand, On History, Weidenfeld & Nicolson, London 1980.
Canadine, David (ur.) What is History Now, Palgrave, Haundmills – New York 2002.
Davies, Natalie, Zemon, The Return of Martin Guerre, Penguin, Harmondworth 1985.
Friedlander, Saul (ur.), Probing the Limits of Representation: Nazism and the »Final
Luthar, Oto, Mojstri in muze. Kaj in zakaj je zgodovina?, Modrijan, Ljubljana 1997.
Luthar, Oto, Med kronologijo in fikcijo. Strategije historičnega mišljenja, ZPS, Ljubljana 1993.
Marwick, Arthur, The Nature of History, Macmillan, London 1989.
Momigliano, Arnaldo, The Classical Foundation of Modern Historiography, University of California Press, Berkeley 1990.
White, Hayden, The Content of the Form: Narrative Discourse and Historical Representation, John Hopkins university Press, Baltimore 1987.
White, Hayden, Metahistory: The Historical Imagination in Nineetenth Century Europe, John Hopkins University Press, Baltimore 1973.
Young, Robert, White Mythologies, Routledge, London 1990.


Colloquia, individual presentation, seminar paper and oral exam. The first three tests are conditional to be admitted to the exam.

Lecturer's references

Izvirni znanstveni članek:
1. POBEŽIN, Gregor. Lógoi chaì erga : Tukidid in vprašanje govorov. Keria (Ljubl.), 2006, letn. 8, št. 2, str. [19]-34. [COBISS.SI-ID 25905965]
2. POBEŽIN, Gregor. Virtus incerta - vprašanje o Salustijevih virih v prologu v Katilinovi zaroti. Keria (Ljubl.), 2007, letn. 9, št. 2, str. [45]-50. [COBISS.SI-ID 27398189]
3. POBEŽIN, Gregor. Ut in aere incideretur : vprašanje beleženja govorov v senatus consulta. Ann, Ser. hist. sociol., 2008, letn. 18, št. 2, str. 431-438. [COBISS.SI-ID 1550035]
4. POBEŽIN, Gregor. In quodam libro Graeco : raba in navajanje grških virov pri 'piscih' Cesarske zgodovine. V: GROŠELJ, Nada (ur.). Grčija skozi rimske oči v dobi cesarstva : tematska številka ob trideseti obletnici smrti Milana Grošlja, (Keria, Letn. 12, št. 1 (2010)). Ljubljana: Znanstvena založba Filozofske fakultete, 2010, str. 85-101. [COBISS.SI-ID 1893843]
5. POBEŽIN, Gregor. Pôs énkarpos tês historías khrêsis : Polibijeva kritika virov oz. kako (ne) pisati zgodovino. V: KAVČIČ, Jerneja (ur.), MARINČIČ, Marko (ur.). Musis amicus : posebna številka ob osemdesetletnici Kajetana Gantarja, (Keria, letn. 12, št. 2-3). Ljubljana: Znanstvena založba Filozofske fakultete, 2010, str. 67-78. [COBISS.SI-ID 1895891]

Samostojni znanstveni sestavek ali poglavje v monografski publikaciji
6. POBEŽIN, Gregor. Prostor in čas pri Polibiju : nekaj opažanj o časovno-prostorskih razmerjih ob branju odlomka o "vojni brez premirja" (Pol. 1.66-1.88). V: KEBER, Katarina (ur.), VIDMAR, Luka (ur.). Historični seminar 8. Ljubljana: Založba ZRC, ZRC SAZU, 2010, str. 9-20, tabela. http://hs.zrc-sazu.si/LinkClick.aspx?fileticket=uDUShwmwFZQ%3d&tabid=58&language=sl-SI. [COBISS.SI-ID 31625517]

Znanstvena monografija:
7. LUTHAR, Oto, ŠAŠEL KOS, Marjeta, GROŠELJ, Nada, POBEŽIN, Gregor. Zgodovina historične misli : od Homerja do začetka 21. stoletja. Ljubljana: ZRC SAZU, Založba ZRC, 2006. 694 str., ilustr. ISBN 961-6568-12-4. [COBISS.SI-ID 223431424]
8. POBEŽIN, Gregor, VINKLER, Jonatan (ur.). Rimski zgodovinar in pripovedno besedilo : pripovedno žarišče v Salustijevih monografijah, (Zbirka Digitalna knjižnica, Dissertationes, 16). Ljubljana: Pedagoški inštitut, 2011. 1 optični disk (CD-ROM), barve. ISBN 978-961-270-049-2. html. [COBISS.SI-ID 256793600]