Triestine literature

Objectives and competences

The student gets acquainted with Trieste literature from the point of view of comparative literary history.


Literary-historical review of Slovene literature from the 19th century onwards.
Knowledge of basic literary theoretical concepts.
Desirable knowledge of the Italian language.


  • “Tržaška literatura”: a critical examination of the term

  • Literature of Slovenes in Trieste (selection of authors and works, seminar work)

  • Istrian literature (selection of authors and works, seminar work).

  • “Letteratura triestina” (selection of authors and works, seminar work)

  • Literature about Trieste in German and English (selection of authors and works, seminar work).

  • Comparative approach, geocritical and imagological analysis of selected literary works, using the concepts of collective memory, trauma and postmemory

Intended learning outcomes

• The student understands the difference between the terms “tržaška literatura” and “letteratura triestina”.
• The student knows the development of Slovenian Trieste literature.
• The student knows the main representatives of Trieste literature and their works.
• The student is able to analyze Triestine literature from the point of view of literary imagology and geocriticism and taking into account the concepts of collective memory, postmemory and collective trauma.



  • Katia Pizzi, 2005: "Quale tristinità?": glasovi in odmevi iz italijanskega Trsta = 'Quale triestinità?': voices and echoes from Italian Trieste. Primerjalna književnost. 239–249. E-version
  • Robert T. Tally, 2011: Geocritical explorations: space, place, and mapping in literary and cultural studies. Foreword Bertrand Westphal. (Izbor) Catalogue
  • Ana Toroš, 2011: Podoba Trsta in Tržaškega v slovenski in italijanski poeziji prve polovice 20. stoletja. Nova Gorica: Univerza. Catalogue UNG Publisher
  • Ana Toroš, 2014: Triestinità and tržaškost: common points and differences. Slovene studies. 39‒54. E-version
  • Daniel-Henri Pageaux: Imagološke razprave. Ur. Tone Smolej. Ljubljana: Institutum Studiorum Humanitatis, Fakulteta za podiplomski humanistični študij (Knjižna zbirka Documenta; 17). 17–52. (Izbor) Catalogue
  • Janez Strutz, 2020: Regionalne jezikovne igre: za komparativistiko regije Alpe-Jadran. Literarna večjezičnost v slovenskem in avstrijskem kontekstu. Ljubljana: Založba ZRC. 221–232. Catalogue

Annual selection of authors and literary works.


Oral exam 80 % Active participation in lectures and in the seminar (20 %)

Lecturer's references

Prof. dr. Ana Toroš is employed at the Faculty of Humanities and at the Research Center for the Humanities of the University of Nova Gorica (UNG). In addition to pedagogical and research work, she is the director of the study program Humanities III. degree, which operates within the Faculty of Postgraduate Studies of UNG. Her research is focused on the field of regional comparative literature and literary imagology, and she is interested in multilingual literature in the Friuli Venezia Giulia region (Italy) and in the Goriška and Obalno-kraška regions.

Selected Bibliography:

TOROŠ, Ana. The role of migrations and cultural hybridity in literary systems : studying the case of Alojz Gradnik in Argentina. Annales : anali za istrske in mediteranske študije, Series historia et sociologia, ISSN 1408-5348. [Tiskana izd.], 2018, letn. 28, št. 1, str. 65-76, ilustr., doi: 10.19233/ASHS.2018.06. [COBISS.SI-ID 5187067]
TOROŠ, Ana. Slovene-Friulian-Italian literary connections at the beginning of the 20th century : the case of Alojz Gradnik and select Friulian and Italian authors. Interlitteraria, ISSN 1406-0701, 2017, vol. 22, no. 2, str. 386-396, doi: 10.12697/IL.2017.22.2.15. [COBISS.SI-ID 5026299]
TOROŠ, Ana. Minority writing : the case of Friuli-Venezia Giulia (Italy), Goriška and Coastal-Karst regions (Slovenia). Slavia Centralis, ISSN 1855-6302. [Tiskana izd.], 2017, letn. 10, št. 2, str. 50-65. [COBISS.SI-ID 4983547]

TOROŠ, Ana. Auto-stereotypes and hetero-stereotypes in Slovene and Italian poetry about Trieste from the first half of the 20th century. Interlitteraria, ISSN 1406-0701, 2016, vol. 21, no. 2, str. 290-304, doi: 10.12697/IL.2016.21.2.10. [COBISS.SI-ID 4712699]
TOROŠ, Ana. Alojz Gradnik and the Slovenian community in Italy from the second half of the twentieth century to the present. Slovene studies, ISSN 0193-1075, 2015, vol. 37, no. 1/2, str. 25-44. [COBISS.SI-ID 61113442]

TOROŠ, Ana. Le figure femminili nella poesia slovena e italiana su Trieste della prima metà del XX secolo. Quaderni d'italianistica, Toronto, ISSN 0226-8043, 2014, vol. 35, no. 1, str. 135-148. [COBISS.SI-ID 3705083]
TOROŠ, Ana. Triestinità and tržaškost : common points and differences. Slovene studies, ISSN 0193-1075, 2014, vol. 36, no. 1, str. 39-54. [COBISS.SI-ID 3914491]
TOROŠ, Ana. The "other" in contemporary Slovene literature from the Trieste region : a case study of national stereotypes in minority literatures. V: ROSENTHAL, Caroline (ur.). Disrespected neighbo(u)rs : cultural stereotypes in literature and film. Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars. 2018, str. 223-233. [COBISS.SI-ID 5238523]