Methodology of literary scholarship

This course is part of the programme
Master in Slovene Studies - Literary Science

Objectives and competences

Students are presented with a chronological overview of the various methods of literary research, literary theory and literary history. They get to know the founders and main representatives of the different methodologies and acquire the appropriate literary vocabulary and know how to use it in their own research. This directs them in different possibilities of critical reading and interpreting of literary texts, and gives them the possibility to use these methodological schemes in their own reading and interpretation. In doing so the students learn to use the relevant domestic and foreign literature and apply it to specific literary texts in their writings about them and the discussions on the literature.


The course continues the Methods of Literary Research from the bachelor's programme Slovene Studies.


  • Definition, development and systematization of the methodology of literary criticism.
  • Linguistic foundations of formalism and structuralism (Ferdinand de Saussure).
  • Russian formalists, structuralism and post-structuralism (founders, the main representatives, interactions).
  • Phenomenology and literary studies (Edmund Husserl, Roman Ingarden, Martin Heidegger, immanent interpretation).
  • New Criticism (Thomas Stearns Eliot, Ivory Armstrong Richards, new criticism in the United States) .
  • Psychoanalysis and literary theory (Sigmund Freud, Jacques Lacan, Slavoj Žižek).
  • Deconstruction (Jacques Derrida, Paul de Man).
  • Reception aesthetics (Hans- Georg Gadamer, Hans- Robert Jauß, Wolfgang Iser).
  • Newer methods of literary studies (feminist literary criticism, new historicism, empirical methods in the study of literature ) .

Intended learning outcomes

Students will learn the basic methods of literary criticism. They can analyze and interpret a literary text in a multi-directional and multi-layered way.


J. Derrida: Izbrani spisi. Ljubljana: ŠOU, 1994.
D. Dolinar: Hermenevtika in literarna veda. Ljubljana: DZS, 1991.
S. Freud: Metapsihološki spisi. Ljubljana:ŠKUC; FF, 1987.
M. Heidegger: Bit in čas. Ljubljana: Slovenska matica, 1997.
M. Heidegger: Izbrane razprave. Ljubljana: Cankarjeva založba, 1967.
R. Ingarden: Literarna umetnina. Ljubljana: ŠKUC; FF, 1990.
R. Jakobson: Lingvistični in drugi spisi. Ljubljana: ŠKUC; FF, 1989.
H. R. Jauß: Estetsko izkustvo in literarna hermenevtika. Ljubljana: LUD Literatura, 1988.
J. Kos: Metodološki in ideološki pluralizem v sodobni (postmoderni) literarni vedi, Razpotja slovenske literarne vede. Ljubljana: ZRSŠ, 1998.
J. Kos: Očrt literarne teorije 2. Ljubljana: DZS, 1994.
J. Kos: Stari in novi modeli literarne zgodovine. Ljubljana: ZRC SAZU, 2003.
J. Kos: Uvod v metodologijo literarne vede. Primerjalna književnost XI, 1988, št. 1.
J. Lacan: Štirje temeljni koncepti psihoanalize. Ljubljana: Društvo za teoretsko psihoanalizo, 1996.
P. de Man: Slepota in uvid. Ljubljana: LUD Literatura, 1997.
T. Moi: Politika spola/teksta. Ljubljana: LUD Literatura, 1999.
Ruski formalisti. Ljubljana: MK, 1984.
Sodobna literarna teorija. Ljubljana: Krtina, 1995.
T. Virk: Moderne metode literarne vede in njihove filozofsko teoretske osnove. Ljubljana: ZIFF, 2003.
Ukradeni Poe. Ljubljana: Društvo za teoretsko psihoanalizo, 1990.
Das Unheimliche. Ljubljana: Društvo za teoretsko psihoanalizo, 1994.
S. Žižek: Hegel in označevalec. Ljubljana: DDU Univerzum, 1980.


Successful completion of an oral examination. The paper presented in the seminar is a prerequisite for admission to the examination.

Lecturer's references

Assist Prof. Dr. Aleš Vaupotič is a lecturer in literature at the School of humanities, University of Nova Gorica. His research areas include literary realism, theory of new media art, and theory of discourse. Selected articles:

VAUPOTIČ, Aleš. The book and the World Wide Web. Primer. književ., jun. 2012, letn. 35, št. 1, str. 201-211, ilustr. [COBISS.SI-ID 49282658]

VAUPOTIČ, Aleš. Peirceova teorija raziskave kot poetološki model : primer literarnega realizma = Peirce's theory of inquiry as a poetological model : the case of literary realism. V: ŠKULJ, Jola (ur.), HABJAN, Jernej (ur.). Živo branje : literatura, znanost in humanistika : literature, science and the humanities, (Primerjalna književnost, letn. 35, št. 2). Ljubljana: Slovensko društvo za primerjalno književnost, 2012, avg. 2012, letn. 35, št. 2, str. 83-93, 225-236. [COBISS.SI-ID 49711970]

VAUPOTIČ, Aleš. Kdo izbere, kaj bralec bere? Kibertekstualna perspektiva = Who chooses what the reader reads? The cybertextual perspective. V: DOVIĆ, Marijan (ur.), HABJAN, Jernej (ur.), VAUPOTIČ, Aleš (ur.). "Kdo izbere?" : Literatura in literarno posredništvo : Literature and literary mediation, (Primerjalna književnost, letn. 33, št. 2). Ljubljana: Slovensko društvo za primerjalno književnost, avg. 2010, str. 151-161, 321-331. [COBISS.SI-ID 43258466]

VAUPOTIČ, Aleš. Realism revisited : Dicken's Hard Times as a narrativized archive. V: MONTANDON, Alain (ur.). Fortunes et infortunes des genres littéraires, (Caietele Echinox, vol. 16). Cluj-Napoca: Université "Babeş-Bolyai", Le Centre de Recherches sur l'Imaginaire: University Phantasma, The Center for Imagination Studies, 2009, str. 175-185. [COBISS.SI-ID 2190075]

VAUPOTIČ, Aleš. Literarno-estetski doživljaj in novi mediji - prihodnost literature?. Primer. književ., 2007, letn. 30, št. 1, str. 203-216. [COBISS.SI-ID 34809186]