Greco-Roman Antiquity and the Modern European Ideas

This course is part of the programme
Doctoral study programme Humanities

Objectives and competences

Students are able to independently investigate a scientifically verified method of intellectual history and embed the results of their work into the context of political history, history of mentalities, social history, and other disciplines such as sociology, literary history and social anthropology. They will become credible authors of scientific papers from these areas, and will be able to participate in a multidisciplinary polylogue.


Basic requirements for this course is the completed graduate study course. Basic English proficiency is required as well as minimum knowledge of the main European languages that allows critical reception of sources and relevant works for the discussion of problems at hand.

Active participation is required in the course (discussions based on sources) and the writing of scientific papers.

Lectures synthetically address selected chapters from ancient history or. cultural history; they are conceived as an introduction to independent analytical work, so the participants are expected to process basic literature before each class which will enable them to actively participate in the due courses.


The course addresses selected chapters of ancient history and/or cultural history, dealing with the reception of antiquity in different periods of modern European history; its vantage point is the realization that the ancient culture is generally recognized as one of the cornerstones of modern European and Western civilization in general – to the very extent that it is able to give it up.
The subject course therefore re-establishes the dialogue between modernity and antiquity based on select historical episodes and phenomena, questioning the awareness of the presence of ancient cultural sediments in modern cultural forms; these individual chapters are expected to be:
- The constitution of the ancient "state";
- Political upheaval and shape of the constitutional order;
- Enkyklios paideia and citizens;
- Ancient rhetoric and citizens;
- Ancient philosophy and citizens;
- Stoicism and the idea of ​​equality;
- Historical rationalism and criticism;
- Historical collectivism and state;
- Religious cosmopolitanism;
- Religious upheaval.

Particular attention will be devoted to the subject of reception of antiquity in modern European thought, i.e. its role in the constitution of contemporary European identity. In doing so, we proceed from the idea of one of the most prominent British ancient Historians M. Beard, namely "Ancient Rome Matters". The question raised is why.

Intended learning outcomes

Students learn about the major cultural and historical periods of ancient Greece and Rome and their reception in the early modern period. Though independent research they build upon existing research results and pave new paths for understanding the role and position of the Greek&Roman antiquity in the constitution of modern European thought and identity.


  • W. Booth (1983): The Rhetoric of Fiction. Chicago, University of Chicago Press. E-version
  • J. Burrow (2007): A History of Histories. London, Penguin Books. E-version
  • S. Goldhill (2002): The Invention of Prose. Oxford, Oxford University Press. E-version
  • M. L. W. Laistner (1977): The Greater Roman Historians. Berkeley – Los Angeles – London, University of California Press (London: Cambridge University Press) E-version
  • T. J. Luce (1997): The Greek Historians. London & New York, Routledge. E-version
  • O. Luthar et al. (2006): Zgodovina historične misli. Ljubljana, Založba ZRC. Catalogue
  • J. Marincola (1997): Authority and Tradition in Ancient Historiography. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.
  • J. Marincola (2007): A Companion to Greek and Roman Historiography (2 vols.). Malden, MA, Blackwell Publishing. E-version
  • C. Pelling (2000): Literary Texts and the Greek Historian. London & New York, Routledge.
  • D. S. Potter (1999): Literary Texts and the Roman Historian. London & New York, Routledge.
  • L. Cracco Ruggini (2000): Storia antica. Come leggere le fonti. Bologna, Il Mulino. E-version
  • C. Gill & T. P. Wiseman, ed. (1993): Lies and Fiction in the Ancient World. Exeter, University of Exeter Press.
  • C. S. Kraus, ed. (2000): The Limits of Historiography: Genre and Narrative in Ancient Historical Texts. Mnem. Supplement 191. Leiden – Boston – Köln, Brill.
  • T. P. Wiseman (2003): Clio's Cosmetics. Three Studies in Greco-Roman Literature. Bristol, Bristol University Press.
  • A. J. Woodman (1988): Rhetoric in Classical Historiography. Four Studies. London & New York, Routledge. Catalogue
  • A. A. Long (1986): Hellenistic Philosophy. Stoics, Epicureans, Sceptics. Berkely & Los Angeles, University of California Press. Catalogue E-version


Seminar paper. Oral exam. Seminar paper is a pre-requisite for the oral exam.

Lecturer's references

Gregor Pobežin:

Izvirni znanstveni članek:
1. POBEŽIN, Gregor. Lógoi kaì erga: Tukidid in vprašanje govorov. Keria (Ljubl.), 2006, letn. 8, št. 2, str. [19]–34. [COBISS.SI-ID 25905965]
2. POBEŽIN, Gregor. Virtus incerta - vprašanje o Salustijevih virih v prologu v Katilinovi zaroti. Keria (Ljubl.), 2007, letn. 9, št. 2, str. [45]–50. [COBISS.SI-ID 27398189]
3. POBEŽIN, Gregor. Ut in aere incideretur : vprašanje beleženja govorov v senatus consulta. Ann, Ser. hist. sociol., 2008, letn. 18, št. 2, str. 431–438. [COBISS.SI-ID 1550035]
4. POBEŽIN, Gregor. In quodam libro Graeco: raba in navajanje grških virov pri 'piscih' Cesarske zgodovine. V: GROŠELJ, Nada (ur.). Grčija skozi rimske oči v dobi cesarstva: tematska številka ob trideseti obletnici smrti Milana Grošlja, (Keria, Letn. 12, št. 1 (2010)). Ljubljana: Znanstvena založba Filozofske fakultete, 2010, str. 85–101. [COBISS.SI-ID 1893843]
5. POBEŽIN, Gregor. Pôs énkarpos tês historías khrêsis: Polibijeva kritika virov oz. kako (ne) pisati zgodovino. V: KAVČIČ, Jerneja (ur.), MARINČIČ, Marko (ur.). Musis amicus : posebna številka ob osemdesetletnici Kajetana Gantarja, (Keria, letn. 12, št. 2–3). Ljubljana: Znanstvena založba Filozofske fakultete, 2010, str. 67–78. [COBISS.SI-ID 1895891]

Samostojni znanstveni sestavek ali poglavje v monografski publikaciji:
6. POBEŽIN, Gregor. Prostor in čas pri Polibiju: nekaj opažanj o časovno-prostorskih razmerjih ob branju odlomka o "vojni brez premirja" (Pol. 1.66-1.88). V: KEBER, Katarina (ur.), VIDMAR, Luka (ur.). Historični seminar 8. Ljubljana: Založba ZRC, ZRC SAZU, 2010, str. 9–20, tabela. [COBISS.SI-ID 31625517]

Znanstvena monografija:
7. LUTHAR, Oto, ŠAŠEL KOS, Marjeta, GROŠELJ, Nada, POBEŽIN, Gregor. Zgodovina historične misli: od Homerja do začetka 21. stoletja. Ljubljana: ZRC SAZU, Založba ZRC, 2006. 694 str., ilustr. ISBN 961-6568-12-4. [COBISS.SI-ID 223431424]
8. POBEŽIN, Gregor, VINKLER, Jonatan (ur.). Rimski zgodovinar in pripovedno besedilo : pripovedno žarišče v Salustijevih monografijah, (Zbirka Digitalna knjižnica, Dissertationes, 16). Ljubljana: Pedagoški inštitut, 2011. 1 optični disk (CD-ROM), barve. ISBN 978-961-270-049-2. html. [COBISS.SI-ID 256793600]