Surface Science

This course is part of the programme
Doctoral study programme Materials

Objectives and competences

• To make the students introduced to what is a surface system and to the experimental issues in the preparation and characterization of a surface systems.
• To present some case studies in order to explain the important aspects of surface science and its capability.




  1. Introduction to surface science: motivation, typical investigated systems and UHV environment
  2. Basic introduction on surface systems: crystalline surface structure, reconstructions. Experimental preparation of a surface. LEED technique
  3. Bottom-up nanofabrication techniques. Growth of nanostructures from vapor phase deposition. Different growth models
  4. Nanostructures morphology. Microscopy techniques (SEM, TEM, STM, AFM)
  5. Spectroscopic investigation techniques (UPS, XPS, AES, ...)

Intended learning outcomes

Knowledge and understanding:

Basic knowledge about surface physical properties and of surface science aims and typical issues.

• Basic knowledge about surface and nano-system synthesis by means of bottom-up and top-down techniques
• Basic knowledge about surface science techniques in spectroscopy, microscopy and diffraction.

Elaboration of a characterization experiment based on surface-science techniques which is useful for the student specific field of research.


  • A. Zangwill, Physics at Surfaces, Cambridge University Press (1988) Catalogue E-version
  • H. Luth, Solid Surfaces, Interfaces and Thin Films, Springer, 2010 (or previous editions) Catalogue


Seminar on a specific technique or on a specific physical system also involving the reading of recent scientific papers. / Oral exam (50/50)

Lecturer's references

Associate professor of material science at the UNG

  1. LISJAK, Darja, OVTAR, Simona, KOVAČ, Janez, GREGORATTI, Luca, ALEMAN, Belen, AMATI, Matteo, FANETTI, Mattia, MAKOVEC, Darko. A surface-chemistry study of barium ferrite nanoplates with DBSa-modified surfaces. Applied Surface Science, ISSN 0169-4332. [Print ed.], 2014, vol. 305, str. 366-374, doi: 10.1016/j.apsusc.2014.03.092. [COBISS.SI-ID 27593511]
  2. FANETTI, Mattia, AMBROSINI, Stefano, AMATI, Matteo, GREGORATTI, Luca, ABYANEH, M. K., FRANCIOSI, A., CHIA, A. C. E., LAPIERRE, R. R., RUBINI, Silvia. Monitoring the Fermi-level position within the bandgap on a single nanowire : a tool for local investigations of doping. Journal of applied physics, ISSN 0021-8979, 2013, vol. 114, no. 15, str. 154308-1-154308-9, doi:10.1063/1.4826198. [COBISS.SI-ID 3196411]
  3. FANETTI, Mattia, et al. Structure and molecule : substrate interaction in a Co-octaethyl porphyrin monolayer on the Ag(110) surface. The journal of physical chemistry. C, Nanomaterials and interfaces, ISSN 1932-7447, 2011, vol. 115, no. 23, str. 11560-11568. [COBISS.SI-ID 2254843]
  4. BALOG, Richard, FANETTI, Mattia, et al. Bandgap opening in graphene induced by patterned hydrogen adsorption. Nature materials, ISSN 1476-1122, 2010, vol. 9, no. 4, str. 315-319. [COBISS.SI-ID 2261243]
  5. FANETTI, Mattia, GAVIOLI, Luca, CEPEK, Cinzia, SANCROTTI, Massimo. Orientation of C60 molecules in the (3 sqrt3 x 3 sqrt3) R30° and (sqrt13 x sqrt13) R14° phases of C60/Ge(111) single layers. Physical review. B, Condensed matter and materials physics, ISSN 1098-0121, 2008, vol. 77, no. 8, str. 085420-1-085420-7. [COBISS.SI-ID 2255867]
  6. FANETTI, Mattia, GAVIOLI, Luca, SANCROTTI, Massimo. Long-range-ordered, molecular-induced nanofaceting. Advanced materials, ISSN 0935-9648, 2006, vol. 18, no. 21, str. 2863-2867. [COBISS.SI-ID 2253563]