Decision support models and systems

Objectives and competences

The aim of this course is to learn advanced methods, techniques and systems for supporting complex real-life decision-making tasks. Special emphasis is on learning and mastering methods of decision analysis and multi-attribute modeling, practical use of decision-support software, and solving complex real-life decision problems.


Undergraduate-level knowledge of mathematics, computer science and informatics.


  1. Introduction
  2. Decision analysis
  3. Decision support applications
  4. Decision systems and decision support systems
  5. Advanced decision modeling methods
  6. Practical training

Intended learning outcomes

• Understanding the concepts of decision making, decision processes and decision support systems
• Understanding the approaches of decision analysis and decision modeling
• Obtaining the ability to identify decision problems and specify its properties and components
• Learning how to develop and apply a decision model in real-life decision problems
• Acquiring basic skills for using decision support and decision modeling software


  • M. Bohanec: Odločanje in modeli. 1. ponatis. DMFA - založništvo, 2012. ISBN 978-961-212-190-7. Catalogue
  • S. Greco, M. Ehrgott, J.R. Figueira (ur.): Multiple Criteria Decision Analysis: State of the Art Surveys, International Series in Operations Research and Management Science, Volume 233. Springer 2016. ISBN 978-1-4939-3093-7 Catalogue E-version
  • A. Ishizaka, P. Nemery, P: Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis: Methods and Software. Wiley 2013. ISBN 978-1119974079 Catalogue


• seminar work with oral defense • written or oral exam 50/50

Lecturer's references

Prof. Dr. Marko Bohanec is a senior researcher at the Jožef Stefan Institute, Department of Knowledge Technologies, Ljubljana, Slovenia, and professor of computer science at the University of Nova Gorica, Slovenia. His major research interests are related to decision support systems and data mining, and in particular to qualitative hierarchical modeling and machine learning. He has extensive experience in decision-making consulting, developing decision-support software, and collaborating in EU research projects.

Selected bibliography

BOHANEC, Marko. Odločanje in modeli, (Učbeniki in priročniki). 1. ponatis. Ljubljana: DMFA - založništvo, 2012. XV, 313 str.. ISBN 978-961-212-190-7. [COBISS.SI-ID 260642816]

TRDIN, Nejc, BOHANEC, Marko. Extending the multi-criteria decision making method DEX with numeric attributes, value distributions and relational models. Central European Journal of Operations Research, ISSN 1435-246X, 2018, vol. 26, no. 1, str. 1-41. [COBISS.SI-ID 30210087]

BOHANEC, Marko, VODOPIJA, Aljoša, LUŠTREK, Mitja, et al. HeartMan DSS : a decision support system for self-management of congestive heart failure. Expert systems with applications. [Print ed.]. 2021, vol. 186, str. 115688-1-115688-13. ISSN 0957-4174. DOI: 10.1016/j.eswa.2021.115688. [COBISS.SI-ID 77871107]

BOHANEC, Marko. DEX (Decision EXpert) : a qualitative hierarchical multi-criteria method. In: KULKARNI, Anand Jayant (ed.). Multiple criteria decision making : techniques, analysis and applications. Singapore: Springer, 2022. Str. 39-78, ilustr. Studies in systems, decision and control, Vol. 407. ISBN 978-981-16-7413-6, ISBN 978-981-16-7414-3. ISSN 2198-4182., DOI: 10.1007/978-981-16-7414-3_3. [COBISS.SI-ID 99056643]

BOHANEC, Marko. DEXi Suite : renewing qualitative multi-criteria decision modeling software. In: KAMISSOKO, Daouda (ed.). 9th International Conference on Decision Support System Technology – ICDSST 2023 : on decision support system in an uncertain world : the contribution of digital twins : 30 May – 01 June 2023, Albi. [S. l.: s. n., 2023]. Str. 83-88, ilustr. [COBISS.SI-ID 154446851]