This course is part of the programme
Bachelor's programme in Environment (first cycle)

Objectives and competences

• Knowledge of basic concepts and principles from the field of structural characteristics of substances and chemical changes
• Knowledge of elements systematics, their compounds and periodic properties
• Understanding of relation between chemical and physical properties of elements and their compounds, and their electronic structure and bonding type
• Understanding of stoichiometry principles in order to use them in practice
• To gain basic experimental skills in the chemical laboratory
• Knowledge of how to name organic compounds using systematic nomenclature IUPAC.
• You will understand how the basic chemical and physical properties of organic compounds
• Propose reaction mechanisms for common organic chemistry reactions. Plan the synthesis of organic compounds utilizing the specific reactions of functional groups.


No prerequisite knowledge required.
The course provides students with the knowledge useful in other courses such as Environmental chemistry, Green chemistry, Biochemistry, Environmentally friendly technologies, Waste treatment and management and others.


The following chapters from general and inorganic chemistry are covered: introduction to general chemistry, stoichiometry, atomic structure and periodicity, chemical bonding, gases, liquids and solids, phase changes, properties of solutions, electrolytes, thermochemistry, chemical equilibrium, acids and bases, electrochemistry, chemical kinetics, introduction to inorganic chemistry and chemical nomenclature, the representative elements (hydrogen, alkali metals, alkaline earth metals, group 3A elements, group 4A elements, group 5A elements, group 6A elements, halogenes, noble gases), transition metals.

The organic chemistry courses will cover: alkanes (conformational analysis, structural isomerism and nomenclature), alkenes (nomenclature, E-Z notation) and alkynes (bonding, relative stabilities, double and triple bonds). Stereochemistry - chirality, enantiomerism, R-S notation, diastereomerism, optical resolution. Alkyl halides, substitution reactions of alkyl halides- SN2 and SN1 mechanisms. Elimination reactions- E1 and E2 mechanisms. Carbocation rearrangements, addition of halogens to alkenes, alkene oxidations, addition reactions of alkynes. Other topics inlude: alcohols, aldehydes, ketons, carboxilic acids and polymers. Introduction to Infrared (IR) spectroscopy, Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) spectroscopy and UV-VIS spectroscopy.

Intended learning outcomes

Students understand and can explain basic concepts in the field of general and inorganic chemistry: (i) chemical foundations (they are familiar with chemical and physical properties of a substance, substance state and changes, they master relations pure substance – mixture, elements – compounds, atoms – molecules, chemical formulae – reactions, they know how to use stoichiometry laws, a mole unit, they know calculations with concentrations and other chemical quantities), (ii) atomic structure (they are acquainted with atomic model development, with difference between Bohr and quantum mechanical model of the atom, they know how to determine electronic configurations, they understand periodicity of atomic sizes and ionization energies, they know how to balance chemical and nuclear reactions), (iii) chemical bonding (they know types of chemical bonds, they can predict structure of simple molecules), (iv) gases (they get knowledge about gas laws and ideal gas law, they distinguish between ideal and real gas, they know basics of the kinetic molecular theory of gases), (v) liquids and solids (they are familiar with molecular forces, physical properties of liquids, different crystal structures), (vi) phase changes (they know how to interpret phase diagrams), (vii) properties of solutions (they understand Raoult law and deviations from it in real solutions, distillation process, they know colligative properties of solutions, what colloids are), (vii) electrolytes (they know strong and weak electrolytes, dissolution process, electrolysis), (ix) thermochemistry (they differentiate between internal energy and enthalpy, standard enthalpy of formation, they know how to calculate reaction enthalpy), (x) chemical equilibrium (they know how to express the equilibrium constant and its meaning, influence of conditions according to Le Chatelier principle), (xi) acids and bases (they know Brønsted and Lewis definition, which are strong and which are weak acids or bases, they know how to calculate pH, how to interpret titration curves), (xii) electrochemistry (they are familiar with functioning of galvanic cells, standard reduction potential, corrosion), (xiii) chemical kinetics (they know the dependence of reaction rate, rate laws and integrated rate laws, importance of catalysis), (xiv) inorganic chemistry fundamentals and nomenclature (they are familiar with types of reactions of inorganic compounds, they know how to name simple and coordination compounds), (xv) representative elements (they know systematics of elements and their important compounds throughout A groups in periodic system, they know the most important procedures in industrial chemistry), (xvi) transition elements (they know general properties of these elements and their important compounds).
During tutorial students get familiar with all important stoichiometry calculations and with experimental skills in a chemical laboratory, in relation with certain general chemistry contents.

After the completion of Organic Chemistry course the student is familiar with fundamentals of organic chemistry: structures and properties of organic compounds, basic reactions and basic types of mechanisms. The students know how to classify organic compound according functional groups.


• Atkins, P. W., Clugston, M. J., Frazer, M. J. in Jones, R. A. Y. 1997. Kemija, zakonitosti in uporaba. Ljubljana: Tehniška založba Slovenije. Catalogue
• Lazarini, F. in Brenčič, J. 2004. Splošna in anorganska kemija. Ljubljana: DZS. Catalogue
• Zumdahl, S. S. in Zumdahl, S. A. 2014. Chemistry, 9th edition. Belmont: Brooks Cole. Catalogue
• Černigoj, U. in Bavcon Kralj, M. 2010. Kemijsko računanje: zbirka nalog z rešitvami za študente Okolja in drugih naravoslovnih programov. Nova Gorica: Univerza v Novi Gorici. Catalogue UNG Publisher
• Slides for the lectures, Univerza v Novi Gorici.
• Slides for the lectures, Univerza v Novi Gorici.


Successfully done exercises (stoichiometry and lab exercises): 40 %; Examination (homework done, written examination – it is possible to pass it with three midterm tests, oral exam): 60 %

Lecturer's references

Associate professor for the field of Chemistry at University of Nova Gorica:

EMIN, Saim; DENKOVA, Pavletta; PAPAZOVA, Karolina; DUSHKIN, Ceco; ADACHI, Eiki, Study of reverse micelles of di-isobutylphenoxyethoxyethyldimethyl benzylammonium methacrylate in benzene by nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. J. colloid interface sci., 2007, vol. 305, no. 1, str. 133-141. [COBISS.SI-ID 2077179]

EMIN, Saim. Growth kinetics of CdS quantum dots and synthesis of their polymer nano-composites in CTAB reverse micelles. J. photochem. photobiol.,A Chem.. [Print ed.], 2009, vol. 207, no. 2/3, str. 173-180. [COBISS.SI-ID 2077435]

EMIN, Saim. Kinetics of photochromic induced energy transfer between manganese-doped Zinc-Selenide quantum dots and spiropyrans. The journal of physical chemistry. C, Nanomaterials and interfaces, 2009, vol. 113, no. 10, str. 3998-4007. [COBISS.SI-ID 2078203]

EMIN, Saim; PITCHER, Michael; LISJAK, Darja; VALANT, Matjaz, Structural and morphological transformations in textural porous ZnO microspheres, Microporous Mesoporous Materials 165 (2013) 185-192.

EMIN, Saim, FANETTI, Mattia; ABDI, Fatwa, KROL, van er Krol; LISJAK, Darja; VALANT, Photoelectrochemical properties of cadmium chalcogenide sensitized textured porous zinc oxide plate electrodes, ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 2013 DOI: 10.1021/am3027986.